firmly dated to about A.D. 750 are similar in all
respects, except that the bronze sole is lacking. Another plane at
Leeuwarden, made entirely of wood, with interlacing carved decoration
dating it to the early Carolingian period—A.D. 750-800—also has the
characteristic scroll handle and little upright pillar, and Dr.
Wassenburgh, of the Fries Museum, has recently conceded that the Finkum
plane may also be of the late Merovingian period, roughly contemporary
with our little tool from Sarre.
The use of horn for small planes was continued throughout
the Middle Ages, as witness the little plane of stagshorn, with an iron
sole, found by J. M. Greber at Burg Kreuzenstein, near Vienna. It is
about 4⅜ in. long, 1¾ in. wide, with a 1¼ in. iron. The carving
of a castle and groups of figures dates it to about the middle of the
Picture of Anglo-Saxon plane from Sarre
on display at Maidstone Museum July 2004