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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 69  1955  page 35


shows –U- shaped cutting of the inlays surrounding a central oval-shaped cell, and gold foil decorated with rings and dots within squares. All these features appear at Lyminge and it is tempting to ask whether they represent a Vandal contribution to the story of cloisonné work in western Europe.
   It is important to note that at Lyminge –U- shaped cutting of the garnets on the bow of the square-headed brooch from grave 44 (itself much more accomplished than the rudimentary efforts on the purse-mount) is co-incident with the well-developed Style 1 zoomorphic ornament on the head-plate and with the circular brooches from the same grave (assigned to Leeds Class 1). On the continent the –U- shaped cells seem to have been superseded in the seventh century by true step cut inlays and with the association of such step cells with Style 2 zoomorphic ornament on the Kingston brooch may indicate that a similar development took place in the history of Kentish cloisonné work. The jewellery from Lyminge will prove to be an important link in the research work which must be still be done to learn more about the relationship of the Kentish and Continental cloisonné schools.
   The Lyminge cloisonné jewellery must rank amongst the earliest of this type of work to be found in this country. Its Frankish affinities have been stressed. Having made its appearance in conjunction with the simple shaped buckles

mentioned above (possibly about the middle of the sixth century A.D.) it reached its best expressed form by the end
of the century, when Leeds Class 1 circular brooches were in fashion and Style 1 zoomorphic ornament fully developed. There is no evidence yet that the "Lyminge" jewellers progressed beyond this stage to vie in style with the Faversham and Kingston finds of the seventh century A.D. 

The brooches.
Eighteen brooches were found at Lyminge and at least nine types are represented: square-headed 4 (graves 39 and 44); saucer 3 (graves 10 and 39); penannular and annular 2 (graves 10 and 25); equal-armed 2 (grave 24); circular 2 (grave 44); "S" shaped 1 (grave 33); radiate-head 1 (grave 16); button 1 (grave 16); plate 1 (grave 25) and the
unusual form from grave 31. The brooches, therefore, show great variety in type and decoration and they do not fall into a closely defined chronological period. 
   The earliest in date must undoubtedly be the penannular and annular brooches from graves 10 and 25, especially the former. The decoration here is essentially Romano-provincial and owes little to Teutonic style, although the dividing feature of a pair of double lines and cross is well known on decorative schemes on this type of brooch found in Anglo-

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