a decoration of spiral glass trail. There are two rows of
claws, each four in number, arranged symmetrically around the glass. The
claws have a pronounced clockwise sweep, and each tip is doubled back in a
clockwise direction. The glass is extremely thin and shows many air
bubbles in its texture.
GRAVE 42. A child, sex unknown; 6-12 months old; the skeleton
is in very poor condition but the burial was probably on the left hand
side with the legs slightly contracted; 35 deg., 2ft. 4 in. deep.
Finds. A silver-plated bronze buckle (Fig. 9,
No.7) at the left waist, tongue pointing right. The tongue has a
A hand-made pot of black corky fabric with shell grit.
The pot was poorly made and fired and in three places the surface had
flaked off, probably in the process of firing.
GRAVE 43. Probably a woman; 5 ft. 5 in.; 50-60 years of age;
supine, full length, arms straight; 92 deg., 1 ft. 11 in. deep.
GRAVE 44. Probably a woman; 5ft. 1 in.; 40-45 year of age1.;
supine, full length, arms across the pelvis; skeleton in good condition;
the skull had fallen backwards off the lower jaw; an exceptionally large
grave, 9 ft. 3 in. by 4 ft. 1 in. ; 100 deg., 4 ft. 3 in. deep (Pl.V).
Finds. Four iron coffin clamps, each with two nails.
The position of these in the grave indicated the size of the coffin
and the method of its construction. The coffin was 6 ft. 3 in. long, 1 ft.
9 in. wide at the head, and 1 ft. 6 in. wide at the
One of the coffin clamps (Fig. 4, No. 4) has been electrolytically
cleaned and is now in an excellent state
of preservation. It consists of a bar 5 3/8 in. long by 1 in. wide
and 1/8 in. thick, pierced by two round-headed nails, 2 ¾ in. long. The
diameter of the heads is 7/8 in. and the nails are rectangular in
section, tapering to a point in one dimension only2. The side
of the coffin clearly consisted of two planks clamped together by the
iron bar and its nails. These nails were sufficiently long to pass
through the side planks and hold the end planks in place, and the whole
framework was thus held firm by the four bars and eight nails. The
outline of the sides
1. In view of the importance of this burial the
remarks of the anatomist (Dr. J. Joseph) on the skeleton are worth
quoting in full: "These skeletal remains show certain
peculiarities. The limb bones are small and suggest a female, height 5
ft. 1 in. (from a femur and a tibia). The innominate bone is female, as
is the sacroiliac articulation, but the sacrum has certain male
measurements. The frontal bone of the skull suggests male and the
mastoid processes of the temporal bone could be male or female. The
atlas is definitely female (transverse diameter 76 mm.). With regard to
the age, the lower jaw of the alveolus during life, and the remaining
teeth show varying wear, some very worn and some not (40-45). The skull
shows suture lines, including the metopic suture, suggesting age bout
30. The skull is thicker than usual (10 mm.)."
2. Four similar clamps with nails were found at
Sarre and are in the Collections of the Kent Archaeological Society at
the Maidstone Museum, K.A.S. nos. 756-59. A typical one measures 6 ¾
in. by 7/8 in. of the coffin could be traced by discoloration of the
grave fill; the powdery remains of the base and lid could also be
traced. The coffin had been banked up on all sides by chalk lumps after
it had been placed in the grave.