Finds. An iron knife at the left
An iron purse-mount (Fig. 4, No. 2) at the left arm.
The purse-mount is incomplete but its size has been restored on the basis
that the corroded remains of the base of a small iron buckle indicate the
centre of the mount (cf. The purse-mount from grave 22) . The purse
a worked flint (Fig. 10, No. 3).
An iron buckle (Fig. 9, No. 5)
GRAVE 31. A man; 5 ft. 7 in.; 40-45 years of age; supine full
length, arms straight, head pillowed; skeleton in good condition; the
skull had fallen backwards off the lower jaw; 110 deg., 2 ft. 9 in. deep.
Finds. An iron spearhead (Fig. 4, No. 7) at the
right hand side of the skull. No ferrule was found.
An iron knife at the left arm.
A bronze buckle (Fig. 9, No. 6) at the right waist,
tongue pointing right.
A bronze brooch (Fig. 6, No. 1) of unusual form at the
right waist. Each arm of the brooch is inlaid with bronze plate punched
with ring and dot decoration.
An iron shield-boss (Fig. 4, No. 5) at the left arm (Pl.
IVa). This shield-boss was intact when found but subsequently
fractured in attempted cleaning. An iron shield-grip (Fig. 4, No.
8) and four circular iron plates (one illustrated Fig. 4, No. 9)
were found with the boss. The shield had been inserted vertically into the
grave and the
of the shield-boss was 10 in. above the bottom of the grave. The
shield-boss has six rivets around its flange, two of which attached the
boss to the grip; the remainder secured the boss to the wood with the
aid of octagonal bronze washers (one illustrated Fig. 4, No, 9a).
These rivets show a clearance of 1/4 in. wide to accommodate the wood.
The grip, a much bent bar, 3/8 in. wide expanding to 1 1/8 in. at its
centre, is 19 in. long (18 in. from rivet to rivet) and shows a distinct
curvature. Its ends are lozenge-shaped and the wooden shield was clamped
between each end and one of the circular iron plates by iron rivets.
Two similar plates, of decorative value only, were situated slightly
anti-clockwise of the functional plates and were secured to the wood of
the shield by iron rivets and octagonal bronze washers (cf. Fig. 4, No.
9a). The rivets on all these iron plates are off-set from the centre.
The grip was connected to the functional plates along the shortest
"radius" and the distance between the extremities of the
plates was, therefore 21 ½ in. This distance indicates a minimum
diameter for the shield1.
1. In assessing the
diameter of the shield it must be remembered that , if only for reasons
of appearance, the iron plates would not have been situated right on the
edge of the shield. It is also possible that the present bent condition
of the grip may have been partly due to the fact that it and the shield
were originally curved.