madness, a swindler and imposter. He wore a beard and
side-whiskers, with long mustaches, and dressed in a crimson velvet
costume said to have cost £200, with gold tassels, epauletts, and a
sword. A trial for perjury resulted in his being detained for several
years in Barming Asylum, from which he was released by the
above-mentioned pardon, although sentenced to transportation for seven
years. Had this pardon not been granted, the tragedy of 1838 would have
After asserting to some dissatisfied peasants near
Canterbury that he was their Saviour (indicating the marks of the nails
made on his hands when he was put upon the Cross) he prepared a
demonstration, possessed himself of pistols, a cavalry sword, and a
white and blue standard with a rampant lion thereon, and then anointed
some of his followers to make them invulnerable. He then headed a
procession which wandered aimlessly for some days around Goodnestone,
Newnham, Throwley, Selling and
Sittingbourne, but after a time a Hernhill farmer
applied to the Authorities to arrest the men who had left his employment
to follow Courtenay. A constable with a warrant for his arrest was shot
and thrown into a ditch by Courtenay. After this murder, Courtenay
administered a sacrament in bread and water to his followers. The
ignorant peasants reacted emotionally to all his extraordinary
statements, including his promises of 40 or 50 acres of land to each,
taken from the estates of the gentry. They were parading one day with
firearms and clubs, when 100 men of the 45th Foot appeared from
Canterbury, and eight persons, including Courtenay, were killed in a
fight which followed, the bodies afterwards being taken to the Red Lion
Inn on Dunkirk Hill. Courtenay was buried at Hernhill, and his grave was
watched to prevent exhumation by his followers, and for this reason no
mound has ever marked its position.
JOHN W. BRIDGE.
THE four photographs reproduced record details of some
interest which have been exposed through enemy action. Thanks are due to
the kindness of the Borough Surveyer, P. V. Marchant, Esq.
Pl. I. 1. Section of early brick walling (15th-16th c.) in a
passage by 35 Clarence Street. Similar bricks are used in the walls of No.
35. Size 7" x 3 1/2 x 1 3/4". These walls have since been
Pl. I. 2. Sixteenth century fireplace on
the first floor of Guildhall Vaults, Bench Street.
Pl. II. Panel of puce Delf tiles (scriptural subjects) found
behind a cupboard at Milestone Cafe, Snargate Street.
Pl. III. Stoop in wall lined with Delf tiles exposed at
Milestone Cafe, Snargate Street.
W. P. D. S.