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Archaeologia Cantiana Vol. 58 - 1945 page 10
                              THE MEDIEVAL PAINTED GLASS OF CHILHAM. By C. R. Councer, F.S.A.   Continued

Canterbury. On f. 34 of the MS. are drawings of four shields of arms which Philipott had seen in Chilham church: those of Ensinge and Roos which have already been described, and two others which have since disappeared, viz. azure a lion rampant argent armed and crowned gules (DARELL) and quarterly 1 and 4 argent a cross sable fretty of the field, 2 and 3 sable a lion rampant argent crowned or (THWAITS). In which windows of the church these shields were is not stated.
   Some indication of the date of the existing glass is given by the shield of Roos. On the death without issue of Giles de Badlesmere, lord of Chilham Castle, in 1339-40, his estates were divided among his four sisters, of whom Margaret, the wife of William, Lord Roos, received Chilham as her share and entitled her husband to the possession of it. In this family it continued until Thomas, Lord Roos, a firm supporter of Henry VI, was attained and had his estates seized by Edward IV in the first year of his reign. The glass cannot thus be later than 1461, and on the other hand its mature style suggests a date well after the beginning of the century. We shall not, I think, be far wrong in attributing it to the years 1420-50.
    The family of Ensinge, whose arms accompany those of Roos in the church, owned the manor of Ensinge, the house of which is about a mile and a quarter northwards from the village. The earliest occurrence of this family that I have met with is in the Kent Fines of 5 Edward II, when Nicholas de Ensinge is recorded as the purchaser from Benedict de 

Shamelesforde and Ada his wife of 20 acres of land and appurtenances in Chartham.1 Later in the same year Nicholas made a further purchase of "2 acres of land, 1 1/2 roods of meadow, and a moiety of two messuages and 5 virgates of land with appurtenances" in Wingham.2   Later entries in the Fines show that in the reigns of Edward II and III the family owned property in numerous Kent parishes, including Preston-next-Faversham, Selling, Ickham, Monkton, Lynsted, Teynham, Doddington, and Wychling.
   In the list of assessments in Kent for the Aid "to knight the Black Prince" of 20 Edward III (1347-8) occurs the following entry:
   De Thoma de Enesynge pro vno feodo quod Ricardus le Jouene tenuit in Chilham de Willelmo de Wyltone vt de Castro de Chilham, xls.3
   Robert of this family was in possession of the manor of Ensinge in 1539, after which the property was alienated.
   The manor of Herst (now Hurst Farm), in the south-eastern quarter of the parish, was anciently held by a family of the same name, who were in possession in 1347. Examination of the Fines and of the Close and Patent rolls has failed to throw any light on the history of the manor from that date until 1539, when it was in the possession of
   Arch. Cant., XI, 345.
   2  Ibid., 358.
   3  Arch. Cant. X, 135.

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