KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY  -- RESEARCH   Studying and sharing Kent's past      Homepage

Archaeologia Cantiana Vol. 55 - 1942 page 58
  A MEDIEVAL POTTERY KILN SITE AT TYLER HILL, NEAR CANTERBURY. 
                         By P. J. Spillett, W. P. D. Stebbing, F.S.A., and G. C. Dunning, F.S.A.  Continued

Reference to wares of this period may be made to a paper by Mr. Sheppard Frere, "A Medieval Pottery at Ashstead," in Surrey Arch. Collections, XLVII (1941), 58-68.

REPORT BY G. C. DUNNING.

The pottery from the Tyler Hill kiln-site is welcome addition to the somewhat scanty material of this period from Kent. The kiln produced the usual range of types, consisting of jugs of at least two main shapes, one tall and slender and the other more squat and ovoid, also cooking-pots, bowls or dishes and pipkins, etc. (Figs. 1-2). The material is fragmentary, but the types may be reconstructed by comparison with pottery from local sites in the Maidstone Museum, drawings of which are included in this report (Fig. 3).
   The Tyler Hill pottery belongs to one period and that apparently was a short one, to judge by the selection sent to me for examination. In character it agrees with material from many sites dated late thirteenth century. In particular the parallels quoted from Bungay Castle, dated 1294, and from the kilns at Rye, which are of this period, provide satisfactory evidence. On the whole a date towards the end of the thirteenth century (c. 1275-1300) is indicated for the products of the Tyler Hill kiln.

JUGS.
   1. Fragments of jug of grey ware with orange red surface. Mottled-green glaze on the body and splashed on the front of the neck. The rim is thick and angular with internal bevel, and on the neck is a prominent angular moulding. The upper end of a broad handle is preserved, with deep thumb-marks at each side. The body has zonal decoration, consisting of rows of closely set scales made by pressing the finger-tip into the surface of the pot and squeezing the clay upwards, separated by incised girth-grooves. The decoration may have extended further towards the base than as shown in the drawing. The base is marked by continuous deep thumb-marks, pressing the edge down to the lowest level. The jug is of tall slender shape, about 19 in. high. In proportions and technical details, such as the form of the base, it is closely similar to a jug 13 1/2 in. high from Upchurch (Fig. 3, 1) which has been used to complete the drawing.
   2. Neck of jug of grey ware with thick dark green glaze. The rim is inbent and thickened, with three deep girth-grooves outside. Large pinch-out lip for pouring.
   3. Neck of similar jug of grey ware with orange red surface and traces of green glaze. Rim-section similar to No. 2.
   4. Neck of jug of grey ware with light orange red surface and thin green glaze. Rim-section similar to above, with offset on the neck.

Page  58   (This page was prepared for the website by Aaron Meyer)      

Previous Page       Back to Page Listings       Next page    

For details about the advantages of membership of the Kent Archaeological Society   click here

Contents Page    Back to Arch. Cant. List   Back to Publications On-line    Back to Research Page   Back to Homepage

Kent Archaeological Society is a registered charity number 223382
Kent Archaeological Society 20th February 2005

This website is constructed by enthusiastic amateurs.  Any errors noticed by other researchers will be to gratefully received so
 that we can amend our pages to give as accurate a record as possible. Please send details too research@kentarchaeology.org.uk