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     Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 6  1866  page 183


No. CLXVII.—An iron buckle, a spear-head, and a knife.
No. CLXVIII.—A buckle and some pieces of iron. At the left foot a black earthen jug like that found in No. CLVII., and near it a glass vessel of the pillared or tear-drop pattern (claw beaker), and in perfect preservation, very like that from No. LX.,. but with a less spreading mouth (Plate V., Fig. 1).
   These two glass vessels correspond

country, we very often find a small knife, an awl, pincers, and a couple of other bronze articles, such as a ring or hair-pin, or double button, etc., and I believe that the general idea is correct, that these urns contain the remains of females; the knife, the awl, and the tweezers being the deceased lady’s sewing apparatus. We must also remember that we have here in Germany many specimens of sewing in leather and skin with narrow slips or threads of skin (see, for instance, Worsaae’s ‘Nordiske Oldsyer,’ Figs. 162, 163), and that garments of skin must be supposed to be general in a very early period. But, as you know, garments have often been found of a simple woven woollen stuff, sewn with woollen thread, but such woollen garments have apparently been much less used and more costly than skin garments. If we now come to the objects spoken of, we shall see that such bronze things as a knife, an awl, and 

tweezers were quite needful for sewing in skin or leather. The knife was used for cutting out and for slicing off the narrow thongs or threads of skin, the awl for boring holes, and the pincers for catching the leathern thread and drawing it through the holes.
    "These things could not be employed for sewing woollen clothing; for these things needles were excellent, while the latter again would not suit for leather. The proportion of awls and needles in the Museum will therefore be a good guide as to the proportion of these skin and woollen garments in the Bronze period.
   "Of course these awls, which are from five inches to one inch long, were often used in daily life for other purposes than sewing. So also the tweezers must sometimes have been employed, among other ways, as surgical instruments, as was clearly the case with one found in 1845 in a set of instruments, which must have belonged to a man, half a doctor and half a wizard.
   "Hoping that you will find these observations satisfactory,
                         "I remain, very truly yours,
                                   "Copenhagen, July 3, 1864. "C. F. HERBST."

   In the ‘Horae Ferales’ of the Honble. C. Neville it is stated that as many as sixteen pairs of tweezers were found at Little Wilbraham, in urns, with flippers, spears, and knives. Here, too, the funereal practices resemble those of the Northmen described by M. Herbst

Page 183  (This page prepared for the Website by Christine Pantrey)          

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