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     Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 6  1866  page 181


cruciform fibula (Plate VI., Fig. 1) lay edgeways by the left side, and separated from it the recurved catch which received the acus.
   1. This fibula is about five inches long, and of bronze gilt, (the reverse, however, has apparently been silvered.) The four corners of its upper compartment are set with square garnets, and an oblong garnet forms the centre, surrounded with a thin edging of silver. Elaborate devices not uncommon in these relics are chased along its edges and borders. The lower part is of a complicated and very elegant pattern. An edging of thick chased silver wire has apparently once run round its outer edge, as is the case with other fibulae of this pattern. Only part of this remains. These large cruciform fibulae are not uncommon in Anglo-Saxon Cemeteries; the greater number are of bronze, sometimes washed with gold, but mostly without the addition of stones or ivory.

   2. I am inclined to think it a misnomer to call these "tweezers" by that name. I cannot but believe them to have been used for sewing purposes, and to form, in fact, a complement to those collections of pins, bodkins, and scissors, which, found as they are with decayed wood attached to bronze and iron plating, and with the bolts of small locks, seem to have been stored in the work-boxes of Saxon ladies. Of the many pins and bodkins in bronze and ivory found at Sarr one or two had slight indentations round the head, but apparently for ornament only, and none were pierced through; indeed, were they pierced, the large size of the head would render them useless for sewing.
   They were more probably used to puncture the work, after which the tweezers would take the thread and draw it through; for needles are almost unknown in our Kentish Saxon graves. The tweezers from Grave LXXXVI. (absurdly large if really tweezers with our modern use) were found

Page 181  (This page prepared for the Website by Christine Pantrey)          

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