KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY  -- RESEARCH    Studying and sharing Kent's past      Homepage

Victoria County History of Kent Vol. 3  1932 - Introduction to the Kent Domesday Survey - Page 180

(Larkfield) ; Litefelle (Littlefield) ; Medestan (Maidstone) ; Rovecestre (Rochester); Tollentrev (Toltingtrough); Tviferde (Twyford); and Wachelestane (Washlingstone).
   The later hundreds of Little Barnfield, one of the Seven Hundreds of the weald, and of Brenchley and Horsmonden, none of which appears in Domesday, lay within the boundaries of this lest, but were probably not yet organized. The lowy of Tonbridge also probably lay within its boundaries, although the southern limits of both lest and lowy, lying in the weald, are difficult to define.
   The half lest of Milton (Middleton) included Milton (Middleton) hundred, where lay the great royal manor of Milton (Middleton), and the manor of Newington in the hands of Albert the chaplain, which had been Queen Edith’s and received a rent from Milton. It also probably included the great denn of Marden not mentioned in Domesday Book, but referred to in a statement that the ‘men of the weald‘ paid 50s. for inward’ et averis at Milton.15 Marden was later reckoned as a hundred and was regarded as belonging to Milton.
   The four lests of East Kent play an interesting role in the Survey when ‘men from the four lests’ agree (concordant) on the laws of the king (regis leges) in Kent, that is to say, on the king’s particular forfeitures in Kent. Whether these men made their report before the Domesday commissioners, or whether the Domesday account is based on an earlier statement made at Pennenden Heath, as seems more probable, their evidence seems to indicate that the lests were organized entities capable of speaking on an important point for all Kent. The lests of this eastern district seem to have been drawn around vills originally royal, which have given their name to the lest itself, the fourth, Borowart, being clearly the lest in which lay Canterbury. The names were changed in the 13th century, and the number reduced to three. St. Augustine’s lathe included Eastry and Borowart, with Sandwich and Fordwich; Scray or Sherwinhope included Wyewarlest and the Seven Hundreds of the Weald, together with Middleton and Newenden; and Shepway lest corresponded with Limowarlest.
   Borowarlest included the following hundreds :—Berham (Kinghamford); Brige (Bridge) ; Esturai16  (Sturry) ; Cistelet (Chislet) ; Roculf (Reculver) ; Estursete (Westgate) ; Dunehamfort (Downhamford) ; Piteham (Petham) ; Tanet (Ringslo) ; and Witenestaple (Whitstable). 
   Wyewarlest included :—Boltune (Boughton) ; Belisolt, written also as Briceode and Berisovt (Bircholt) ; Calehelle (Calehill) ; Cert (Chart); 17  Felesberg (Felborough); Favreshant (Faversham); Langbrige (Langbridge); and Wi (Wye).
   The position of the hundred of Boughton (Boltune) raises some question. The Domesday statement is not clear, and may possibly be interpreted as placing it in Borowarlast rather than in Wyewarlest, but it might with better probability be placed in Wyewarlest since in later times it was included in Scray with the other hundreds of Wyewarlest. The ’Domesday Monachorum’ adds that Broke was itself a hundred, and if so, must have been included in this lest.
   15  See p. 209a.         16 The hundreds of Sturry, Chislet, and Reculver were later in Blengate hundred.
   17  Ipsum est hundredum. ‘Dom. Monach.’ (see p. 261b), referring to the vill of Chart.

Previous Page          Page 180           Next Page 

For details about the advantages of membership of the Kent Archaeological Society   click here

To Introduction to the Kent Domesday Survey page listings      To Contents Page     To Research      To Homepage

Kent Archaeological Society is a registered charity number 223382
© Kent Archaeological Society June 2006

This website is constructed by enthusiastic amateurs.  Any errors noticed by other researchers will be to gratefully received so
 that we can amend our pages to give as accurate a record as possible. Please send details to