(Larkfield) ; Litefelle (Littlefield) ; Medestan
(Maidstone) ; Rovecestre (Rochester); Tollentrev (Toltingtrough);
Tviferde (Twyford); and Wachelestane (Washlingstone).
The later hundreds of Little Barnfield, one of the Seven Hundreds of the
weald, and of Brenchley and Horsmonden, none of which appears in Domesday,
lay within the boundaries of this lest, but were probably not yet
organized. The lowy of Tonbridge also probably lay within its boundaries,
although the southern limits of both lest and lowy, lying in the weald,
are difficult to define.
The half lest of Milton (Middleton) included Milton (Middleton) hundred,
where lay the great royal manor of Milton (Middleton), and the manor of
Newington in the hands of Albert the chaplain, which had been Queen Edith’s
and received a rent from Milton. It also probably included the great denn
of Marden not mentioned in Domesday Book, but referred to in a statement
that the ‘men of the weald‘ paid 50s. for inward’ et averis at
Milton.15 Marden was later reckoned as a hundred and was
regarded as belonging to Milton.
The four lests of East Kent play an interesting role in the Survey when
‘men from the four lests’ agree (concordant) on the laws of the
king (regis leges) in Kent, that is to say, on the king’s
particular forfeitures in Kent. Whether these men made their report before
the Domesday commissioners, or whether the Domesday account is based on an
earlier statement made at Pennenden Heath, as seems more probable, their
evidence seems to indicate that the lests were organized entities capable
of speaking on an important point for all Kent. The lests of this eastern
district seem to have been drawn around vills originally royal, which have
given their name to the lest itself, the fourth, Borowart, being clearly
the lest in which lay Canterbury. The names were changed in the 13th
century, and the number reduced to three. St. Augustine’s lathe included
Eastry and Borowart, with Sandwich and Fordwich; Scray or Sherwinhope
included Wyewarlest and the Seven Hundreds of the Weald, together with
Middleton and Newenden; and Shepway lest corresponded with Limowarlest.
Borowarlest included the following hundreds :—Berham (Kinghamford);
Brige (Bridge) ; Esturai16 (Sturry) ; Cistelet (Chislet) ;
Roculf (Reculver) ;
Estursete (Westgate) ; Dunehamfort (Downhamford) ; Piteham
Tanet (Ringslo) ; and Witenestaple (Whitstable).
Wyewarlest included :—Boltune (Boughton) ; Belisolt, written also as
Briceode and Berisovt (Bircholt) ; Calehelle (Calehill) ; Cert
(Chart); 17 Felesberg (Felborough); Favreshant (Faversham); Langbrige (Langbridge);
and Wi (Wye).
The position of the hundred of Boughton (Boltune) raises some question.
The Domesday statement is not clear, and may possibly be interpreted as
placing it in Borowarlast rather than in Wyewarlest, but it might with
better probability be placed in Wyewarlest since in later times it was
included in Scray with the other hundreds of Wyewarlest. The ’Domesday
Monachorum’ adds that Broke was itself a hundred, and if so, must have
been included in this lest.
15 See p.
209a. 16 The hundreds of Sturry, Chislet, and Reculver were
later in Blengate hundred.
17 Ipsum est hundredum. ‘Dom. Monach.’ (see p.
261b), referring to the vill of Chart.