KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY  -- RESEARCH    Studying and sharing Kent's past      Homepage

Otford & District Archaeological Group (ODAG)

The Romano-British Cremation Cemetery at Frog Farm, Otford, Kent, in the context of
   contemporary funerary practices in South-East England by Clifford P. Ward 1990

Adkins, L. & R.  1983 The Handbook of British Archaeology. Papermac
Alcock, Joan P. 1980 Classical Religious Belief & Burial Practice in Roman Britain. Arch. J.
Alcock, Leslie 1972  'By South Cadbury is that Camelot...'  Thames & Hudson
de la Bedoyere, Guy 1989  The Finds of Roman Britain. Batsford
Bedwin, O. 1978  Iron Age Sussex - the Downs & the Coastal Plain in Archaeology in Sussex to
.    Ed. P.L. Drewett. C.B.A. Res. Rept. 29
Bedwin, O. 1981  Excavations at Lancing Down 1980. Sussex Arch. Coll. 119
Bennett, P., Frere S.S. & Stow, S. 1982  Excavations at Canterbury Castle., The Archaeology of
    Canterbury Vol. 1. Kent Arch. Soc 

Bennett, P., Frere S.S. & Stow, S. 1986  Rescue excavations at Canterbury. Arch. Cant. Vol 103
Bird, D.G. 1987  The Archaeology of Surrey to 1540. (ed. J. Bird & D.G. Bird) Surrey Arch. Soc.
Bishop, Sara 1990  Note on infant burials at Sedgebrook, Plaxtol. Kent Arch. Soc. Newsletter No. 16
Black, Ernest 1987  Roman-British Burial Customs & Religious Beliefs in South-East England. Arch. J.
Breen, C. St. J. the late. Unpublished Dissertation and personal discussion.
(now on this website at
Patch Grove Ware (PGW) Pottery & an Otford, Kent, Kiln Site - Forms & the N.W. Kent Distribution
Brent, J. 1859 Ancient Sepulchural Shaft at Bekesbourn. Arch. Cant. 2
Clarke, Dennis  & Stoyel, Anthony 1975 Otford in Kent - A History. Otford & District Hist. Soc.
Clayton, Peter A.  ed. 1980 A Companion to Roman Britain. Phaidon
Collingwood, R.G.  & Richmond, Ian 1969 The Archaeology of Romanisation. Methuen
Darvill, Timothy 1987 Prehistoric Britain. Batsford
Delaney, F. 1986  The Celts. Hodder & Stoughton
Detsicas, A.P. 1983  The Cantiaci. Alan Button
Dines, E.G., Buchan, S., Holmes, S.G.A. & Bristow,  C.R. 1969  Geology of the Country around
   Sevenoaks & Tonbridge
. H.M.S.O.
Down, A. & Rule, M. 1971  Chichester Excavations Phillimore
Down, Alec 1978  Roman Sussex - Chichester and the Chilgrove Valley in Archaeology in Sussex to
Ed. P.L. Drewett C.B.A. Res. Rept. 29
Drewett, P.L., Rudling,  D,  & Gardner, M. 1988  The South-East to A.D. 1000. Longman
Dunkin, John 1844  The History & Antiquities of Dartford
Frere, S.S. 1973  Britannia. Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd
Fry, P. Somerset 1984  Roman Britain. David & Charles
Gilkes, O.J. 1988  Sussex Arch. Coll.126
Graham, J. 1936  A Romano-Celtic Temple at Titsey, and the Roman Road. Surrey Arch. Coll. 86
Green, Miranda 1986  The Gods of the Celts. Alan Sutton
Henig, Martin 1984  Religion in Roman Britain. Batsford
Hull, M.R. 1958  Roman Colchester. Society of Antiquaries
Jessup, Ronald F. 1955  Excavations of a Roman Barrow at Holborough, Kent. Arch. Cant. 68
Jessup, Ronald F.  1959  Barrows and Walled Cemeteries in Roman Britain. J.B.A.A. 3rd. Series 22
Jessup, Ronald F. 1970  South-East England. Thames & Hudson
Jones, Gwn & Jones, Thomas (translation by) 1974  Branwen Daughter of Llyr in the Mabinogion.
   Everyman Library (revised ed.)
Jones, R.F.J. 1984  Death and Distinction in Military & Civilian Roman Britain. ed. T.F.C. Blagg &
   A.C. King  B A R Br. Series 136
Kendall, Giles 1982  A Study of Grave Orientation in Several Roman & Post Roman Cemeteries in
   S.E. Britain. Arch. J.
Little, R.I. 1961  Excavation of a Romano-British Settlement in Kingswood, Sanderstead. 
   Surrey Arch. Society V. LV111
Luard 1859  On the Recent Discoveries of Roman Remains at Plaxtol, in Kent. Arch. Cant. 2
MacDonald, Jock  1977  Pagan Religious & Burial Practices in Roman Britain in Burial in the Roman
    World, (ed. Rich & Reece). C.B.A. Research Report. No.22
Margary, Ivan D.  1965  Roman Ways in the Weald. Phoenix
Meates, G.W.  1967  Local Secretaries Reports - Otford. Arch. Cant. Vol. 81
Meates, G.W.  1979  The Lullingstone Roman Villa Vol.1. Kent Archaeological Society Monograph
Meyrick, Sir S.M.  1848  On the ancient pagan religion in the British Isles. B.A.A. Cong. Trans. 111
Money, J.H. 1968  Excavations in the Iron Age hill-fort at High Rocks, Tunbridge Wells 1957-61. 
   Sussex Arch. Collections. 106
Money, J.H.  1977  The Iron Age hill-fort & Romano-British ironworking settlement at Garden Hill,
   Sussex: interim report 1968-76. Britannia 8
Money, J.H.  1990 Personal discussion
Payne, G. 1897  Borough Green Arch. Cant. Vol. 22
Payne, G.  1899 Research and Discoveries Arch. Cant. Vol. 24
Pearce, Bertram W. 1927  Roman Site at Otford Arch. Cant. Vol. 39
Penn, W.S. 1967  The Roman Town at Springhead. Gravesend Hist. Soc. 
Penn, W.S. 1969  Springhead: Miscellaneous Excavations. Arch. Cant. Vol. 83
Fox, Nancy Piercy  1968  The Ritual Shaft at Warbank, Keston. Arch. Cant. Vol. 82
Pollard, R.J. 1988  The Roman Pottery of Kent. Kent Arch. Soc.
Pyke, J.A.  (forthcoming)  The Romano-British settlement at Wickham Field, Otford, Kent.
Rivet, A.L.F. 1964  Town and Country in Roman Britain. Hutchinson
Rook, A.G., Walker, S. & Deniston, C.B. 1984  A Roman Mausoleum & Associated Marble
   Sarcophagus and Burials from Welwyn, Hertfordshire. Britannia 15
Ross, Anne 1967  Pagan Celtic Britain. Routledge & Kegan Paul
Salway, Peter 1988  Roman Britain. Oxford University Press
Toynbee, J.M.G. 1971  Death and Burial in the Roman World. Thames & Hudson
Wacher, John 1976  The Towns of Roman Britain. Book Club Assoc.
Ward, Clifford P. 1967  Cemetery at Frog Farm, Otford. Interim Report. Kent Archaeological Review 9
Ward, Clifford P. 1968  Cemetery at Frog Farm, Otford. Interim Report. Kent Archaeological Review 13
Ward, Gordon c 1930  Unpublished notes. Sevenoaks Library
Whimster, R. 1981  Burial Practices in Iron Age Britain. A Discussion & Gazetteer of the Evidence 
   c 700 B.C. - A.D. 43. B.A.R.
Whiting, W. 1921  A Roman Cemetery discovered at Ospringe in 1920. Arch. Cant. 35
Whiting, W. 1923  A Roman Cemetery discovered at Ospringe in 1920. Arch. Cant. 36
Whiting, W. 1925  The Roman Cemeteries at Ospringe, Description of finds continued. Arch. Cant. 37
Whiting, W. 1926  The Roman Cemeteries at Ospringe, Description of finds concluded. Arch. Cant. 38 Whiting, W., Hawley, W.  & May, T. 1931  Report on the excavation of the Roman Cemetery at
   Ospringe, Kent. Society of Antiquaries Research Report Vlll
Young, Anthony C. 1966  A second century Roman cemetery at Twitton, near Otford. K.A.R. 6

          Discussion      To Frog Farm Cemetery      Figures & Plates

For details about the advantages of membership of the Kent Archaeological Society   click here

Back to ODAG Introduction   Back to Archaeological Fieldwork     Back to Research         Back to Homepage

Kent Archaeological Society is a registered charity number 223382
Kent Archaeological Society March 2011

This website is constructed by enthusiastic amateurs.  Any errors noticed by other researchers will be to gratefully received so
 that we can amend our pages to give as accurate a record as possible. Please send details to