KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY  -- RESEARCH   Studying and sharing Kent's past      Homepage

     Archaeologia Cantiana Vol. 73 - 1959 page 220
                    Researches and Discoveries in Kent continued

   In 1953 (Arch. Cant. Vol. LXVIII, 144) finds of Roman kilns and graves were reported from a site at Chalk near Gravesend (Grid. Ref. 690732). It was thought at that time that the closing of the gravel pit would put an end to further discoveries, but after the pit had closed a small portion of unexcavated ground in its north-east corner showed traces of Roman occupation and further investigation has resulted in the discovery of the remains of two kilns together with some unrelated but interesting pottery of first-century type.

   The two kilns overlapped, one having been destroyed to make way for the other. The remains of the later and more complete kiln consisted of a combustion chamber, roughly circular in shape, having a diameter of 5 feet 6 in., with the firing point at the west end. The kiln appeared to be an updraft kiln of Grimes type II (Y Cymmroder) but there were some variations of interest.

Fig. 7. Kiln at Chalk. First century pottery.

  The oven floor of the kiln appeared to have been supported on a central column made from a solid mass of clay circular in shape with diameter of 2 feet 4 in., and 8 in. high. This column appears to have been baked in situ by the firing of the kiln which has resulted in the formation of a massive ring of very hard baked clay about 4 in. thick

Previous Page       Back to Page Listings       Next page 

For details about the advantages of membership of the Kent Archaeological Society   click here

 Back to Contents Page   Back to Arch. Cant. List   Back to Publications On-line  Back to Research Page  To Homepage

 Kent Archaeological Society is a registered charity number 223382
Kent Archaeological Society August 2004     

This website is constructed by enthusiastic amateurs. Any errors noticed by other researchers will be to gratefully received so
 that we can amend our pages to give as accurate a record as possible. Please send details too