a final attempt to locate the building wifi be made
during the Autumn of 1959.
A field survey of certain agricultural land in West Wickham
was undertaken during February and March 1959 in an attempt to
substantiate certain "finds" made by George Clinch in the
nineteenth century.1 Supporting evidence was not forthcoming
from any of the sites. An aerial survey of the district in July 1959, by
kind co-operation of Mr. Ian Moores, also proved negative.
B. J. Philip.
M. L. Kellaway
NEOLITHIC AXES FROM DARENTH, BEXLEY
AND EAST WICKHAM
Four neolithic axes brought to my notice in recent years
are of particular interest in being made of stone entirely foreign to
the locality in which they were discovered. The distribution of such
implements in relation to the source of the raw material is now
recognized by prehistorians as important evidence for determining early
lines of communication and possible trade-routes.
Darenth. A polished axe found on the surface by a
schoolboy at approximately Nat. Grid. Ref. TQ 563714. It has been sliced
for examination at the Geological Survey
Museum, and the following report made:
The specimen is made from a dark green banded rock, perhaps
a crystal tuff. The thin section shows that the banding is due to
concentrations of larger crystal grains alternating with finer material
of the same composition. Crystals present are of plagioclase and
possibly orthoclase feldspar, pale green amphibole, epidate and pale
green partially altered pyroxene and chlorite; also some grains of iron
ore. A few small grains of quartz are present. The larger fragments may
reach 0.5 mm. in diameter. The fragments in the finer grained bands
seldom exceed 0.05 mm. in diameter and are surrounded by a greater
proportion of the chlorite and amphibole flakes of the matrix.
The rock may be of S.W. England or S. Wales origin but it
has not been possible to find material to match the specimen.
Bexley. A small greenstone axe found in the garden
of a house in Erith road, approximately Nat. Grid. TQ 497754, and at
present on loan to Bexley Public Library.2 It has not been
sliced but may be described as of dark green stone, and a very perfect
specimen of its
1 Antiquarian Jottings, 1889.
2 Mr. P. E. Morris, F.L.A., has kindly
drawn my attention to this specimen, and I am similarly indebted to Mr.
F. Threlfall, F.L.A., in respect of that from E. Wickham.