KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY  -- RESEARCH   Studying and sharing Kent's past      Homepage

Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 73 - 1959  pages 64
A Survey of Kent Place-Names. By P. H. Reaney, Litt.D., Ph.D., F.S.A., F.R.Hist.S.. Continued

The recently published Cartulary of St. Gregory, Canterbury, gives earlier references for many places, a number going back to 1086-7. For Goldstone in Ash we have six references earlier than Wallenberg’s first (1202). It occurs as Goldstanestune in 1086-7, which makes connection with Goldstan, son of Bruning, a juror at Sandwich in 1127, at least doubtful. Even if he were only 20 in 1086, he must have been 60 or more at this time and it is unlikely that a Saxon founded and gave his name to this farm between 1066 and 1086. The place was probably named before the Conquest from some other Goldstan.
   As often, the search for place-name material throws light on the history of the place itself. Bekesbourne appears in Domesday Book as Burnes, a name which continued in use throughout the twelfth century (to 1198). The church of St. Peter of Burnes was granted in alms to Edmund the priest by Rodbertus filius Godwini between 1136 and 1150, a grant confirmed by archbishop Theobald in 1143-50. The grantor is also called Robert de Burnes and Robert de Hastinges, and was the son of Godwine frenus ; thus, in spite of his French Christian name, he was of English descent. Some time before 1182, Eustace de Burnis (presumably his son) granted the church to the priory of St. Gregory. Between 1182 and 1190, Hugh de Bee had illegally given the advowson of Burnis either to the church of Hoiy Trinity, Hastings, or to the Knights  Hospitallers. The convent of Holy Trinity, Hastings, resigned its rights 

in the church of Liuingesburn’ to St. Gregory. William del Bec, son of Hugh, after a dispute with Eustace de Burnis regarding the advowson of the church of Burnis, relinquished his claim. This connection with Hastings explains the alternative surname of Robert de Burnes. In the late twelfth century, his son Eustace and William de Bec held jointly the serjeanty of providing a ship for the king’s service at Hastings and Bekesbourne became a non-corporate member of the Cinque Ports.2
   Bekesbourne, like Littlebourne, Patrixbourne and Bishopsbourne, was originally named from the stream (OE burna) on which it stands, now the Nail Bourne. When it became necessary to distinguish between these four places, Bekesbourne was first called Liuingesburn’, a name found from c. 1180, in common use in the thirteenth century, and occasionally as late as 1541. The tenant of Bekesbourne in 1066 was one Levine (OE Lęofwine), from whom Wallenberg derives Liuingesburn. If this were correct, the form would be Leofwinesburne, or possibly Livinesburne. Liuingesburn presumes an OE L˙fingesburna or, possibly, Leofwinesburna, from OE Lyfing or Leofing. As Robert, who held the church c. 1136, and his father Godwine were English by
  1 Cartulary of the Priory of St. Gregory, Canterbury, ed. A. M. Woodcock (Camden Third Series LXXXVIII), 1956.
   2 ibid., 15-18, 27, 34-39, 164, 218, 221, 222, and p. xiv.

Page 64    (This page was prepared for the website by Ted Connell)      

Previous Page     Back to Page Listings    Next page

For details about the advantages of membership of the Kent Archaeological Society   click here

Back to Contents Page    Back to Arch. Cant. List   Back to Publications On-line  Back to Research Page  To Homepage

Kent Archaeological Society is a registered charity number 223382
© Kent Archaeological Society October 2005
 

This website is constructed by enthusiastic amateurs. Any errors noticed by other researchers will be to gratefully received so
 that we can amend our pages to give as accurate a record as possible. Please send details too research@kentarchaeology.org.uk