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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 72  1958  page 38
Medieval Buildings in the Joyden’s Wood Square Earthwork. 
   By P. J. Tester, F.S.A. and J. E. L. Caiger
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wool. The vessel is made of grey sandy ware, and the outside is covered by thick, dark green glaze.
   Clearly the vessel represents a male animal, which could be either a stag or a ram. The identification is decided by the treatment of the surface on other aquamaniles. The figures of stags from Seaford and Maresfield in Sussex have smooth bodies, whereas the complete ram from Scarborough1 and part of another at Chester have scale pattern covering the bodies.

   The pottery from Joyden's Wood does not cover a long period of time. The varieties of rim section among the cooking-pots and dishes need not imply any lengthy development of these types, since elsewhere they occur together in closely dated deposits. The most relevant material is fortunately from the same part of north-west Kent. The excavations by the Ministry of Works at Eynsford Castle, supervised by Mr. S. E. Rigold, have produced an abundance of pottery in two stratified deposits, dated respectively about 1250 and to the late 13th century down to about 1312, after which date occupation of the site ceased. Without going into a detailed comparison, it can be stated straight away that the pottery from Joyden's Wood differs in certain respects from that of the first period at Eynsford, but agrees precisely with that of the second period. This identity applies to the types of cooking-pot and dish and their varieties of fabric, and also to the unglazed jugs of grey ware. At Eynsford, moreover, glazed and decorated jugs comparable with those of group 1 at Joyden's Wood occur only in the second phase of the occupation.
   The Joyden's Wood pottery can therefore be dated within narrow limits. It has a central date about 1300, and a maximum range of date from about 1280 to 1320. Expressed in other terms, the pottery indicates a short and unitary occupation of the Joyden's Wood site, extending over about two generations, but not longer.
   It will be evident from what has been said above that Joyden's Wood is well within the orbit of distribution of pottery made in east Surrey. The unglazed jugs have already been identified as the products of kilns at Limpsfield (p. 37). The majority of the cooking-pots and dishes almost certainly have the same origin, but this can only be determined finally when the material from the Limpsfield kilns has been published.
   The glazed and decorated jugs from Joyden's Wood were probably also made in east Surrey, but at another pottery centre. The evidence of potters' refuse and wasters shows that kilns producing such jugs in
   Victoria and Albert Museum, Exhibition of Medieval Art (1930), p. 47, no. 232, pi. 49.

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