KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY  -- RESEARCH   Studying and sharing Kent's past      Homepage

Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 72  1958  page 37
Medieval Buildings in the Joyden’s Wood Square Earthwork. 
   By P. J. Tester, F.S.A. and J. E. L. Caiger
These webpages are designed to be viewed with the screen resolution set at 800 x 600 and text size at normal. HOW TO

   The handles are of two types:
   1.  Broad and strap-like, decorated down the middle with deep slash-marks in herringbone pattern (69).
   2.  Narrow and oblong in section, with a row of fine incised lines (40) across the upper end, or stab-marks (28).
   Unglazed jugs of grey ware, often with the bodies decorated by combed lines, and the handles either slashed or stabbed or sometimes marked down the sides by large thumb-impressions, are characteristic of pottery kilns in east Surrey. In the Limpsfield area the kilns have been known for a long time, though not recorded in detail. Recently Mr. Brian Hope-Taylor excavated kilns and a potter's workshop at Vicars Haw, Limpsfield,1 which produced a mass of pottery with the characteristics given above.
   Limpsfield pottery was supplied to London and probably also to the home counties to the north of London.2 It was also distributed to the north-east into Kent, where examples are known at Cray House, Bexley,3 as well as at Joyden's Wood. The major site for this ware is, however, Eynsford Castle, where it occurs in profusion in deposits of the latter part of the 13th century.4 On the evidence as known at present, then, this ware was marketed over an area of about 20-30 miles in radius to the north and east of Limpsfield.

BOTTLE (Fig. 6, 23)
   Several joined sherds of the upper part of a narrow-necked bottle (61). It is made of light red sandy ware, with a few spots of green glaze on the neck.
   The type is well known in London, where it has been dated by coins to the later 13th century.5 Elsewhere, for instance at Clarendon Palace, examples belong to the 14th century.6 The Joyden's Wood bottle is restored after examples from London in the Guildhall Museum.

AQUAMANILE (Fig. 6, 24)
   Part of an aquamanile in the shape of an animal (70). The fragment has the stumps of the two hind legs, between which are the genital organs modelled in relief. The surface of the animal's body above the legs has applied scales and is splattered with rough-cast to represent
   Plan published by E. M. Jope in A History of Technology, II (1956), p. 285, fig. 266.
   Archaeologia, XC, 122-3.
   Arch. Cant., LXXI, xliv.
   Information from Mr. S. E. Rigold, cf. Arch. Cant., LXX, 63.
   J. D. A. Thompson, Inventory of British Com Hoards, A.D. 600-1500 (1956), pi. III, f.2.
   6  Antiq. Journ., XVI, 77, fig. 5, 1.

Previous page       Back to Page listings       Next page

For details about the advantages of membership of the Kent Archaeological Society   click here

Back the Contents page   Back to Arch. Cant. List   Back to Publications On-line  Back to Research Page  Back to Homepage

Kent Archaeological Society is a registered charity number 223382
© Kent Archaeological Society 10th January 2011

This website is constructed by enthusiastic amateurs. Any errors noticed by other researchers will be to gratefully received so
 that we can amend our pages to give as accurate a record as possible. Please send details too