KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY  -- RESEARCH   Studying and sharing Kent's past      Homepage

Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 72  1958  page 31
Medieval Buildings in the Joyden’s Wood Square Earthwork. 
   By P. J. Tester, F.S.A. and J. E. L. Caiger
These webpages are designed to be viewed with the screen resolution set at 800 x 600 and text size at normal. HOW TO

of the strip. The smaller examples are probably for fastening cupboards rather than doors of houses. These bolts show that the medieval type as known at Joyden's Wood was developed by about the 10th century, if not earlier. The fifth bolt from Thetford is a bar of square section about 6 in. long, dated about the 12th century and so forms a link with the Joyden's Wood bolt. The slight elaborations at the ends of the Joyden's Wood bolt evidently mark the full medieval development of the type.
   Concurrently with the door-bolts the simple hook-shaped keys also persisted well into the middle ages, as shown by an example found by General Pitt-Rivers at King John's House, Tollard Royal, Wiltshire.1
   Continuity in the use of this simple type of bolt for fastening doors can thus be traced over about 1,500 years, from the late prehistoric period into the middle ages.

By G. C. Dunning, F.S.A.

   The pottery from the hall and other buildings at this site shows the same range of domestic types of cooking-pots, dishes and jugs, and the same qualities of ware also occur from each building. The material can therefore be treated as a whole, since it covers only a short period of time. The majority of the sherds belong to cooking-pots and dishes for culinary use, representing about two-thirds of the total pottery, but jugs are well represented. The jugs fall into two classes; finer quality glazed ware for service at the table, and coarser unglazed ware presumably also for culinary use. There are also single examples of special types; a bottle, and a glazed aquamanile in the shape of a ram, used for washing the hands during meals. The assemblage is fairly representative of the range of types in use in a medieval household.
   It will be convenient first to describe the various types, and then to discuss the dating and analogies. The numbers in brackets in the text refer to the numbers marked on the sherds by the excavator, and on p. 40 these are listed as a register to the figures of pottery selected for illustration.

COOKING-POTS (Fig. 5, 1-9)
   The cooking-pots are large and capacious. Apart from three of 7 to 9 in. rim diameter, the pots are very constant in size, from 11 to
   A. Pitt-Rivers, King John's House, Tollard Royal, pi. XXII, 6.

Previous page       Back to Page listings       Next page

For details about the advantages of membership of the Kent Archaeological Society   click here

Back the Contents page   Back to Arch. Cant. List   Back to Publications On-line  Back to Research Page  Back to Homepage

Kent Archaeological Society is a registered charity number 223382
© Kent Archaeological Society 10th January 2011

This website is constructed by enthusiastic amateurs. Any errors noticed by other researchers will be to gratefully received so
 that we can amend our pages to give as accurate a record as possible. Please send details too