of the strip. The smaller examples are probably for fastening cupboards
rather than doors of houses. These bolts show that the medieval type as
known at Joyden's Wood was developed by about the 10th century, if not
earlier. The fifth bolt from Thetford is a bar of square section about 6
in. long, dated about the 12th century and so forms a link with
the Joyden's Wood bolt. The slight elaborations at the ends of the
Joyden's Wood bolt evidently mark the full medieval development of the
Concurrently with the door-bolts the simple hook-shaped
keys also persisted well into the middle ages, as shown by an example
found by General Pitt-Rivers at King John's House, Tollard Royal,
Continuity in the use of this simple type of bolt for
fastening doors can thus be traced over about 1,500 years, from the late
prehistoric period into the middle ages.
REPORT ON MEDIEVAL POTTERY FROM JOYDEN'S WOOD,
By G. C. Dunning, F.S.A.
The pottery from the hall and other buildings at this site
shows the same range of domestic types of cooking-pots, dishes and jugs,
and the same qualities of ware also occur from each building. The
material can therefore be treated as a whole, since it covers only a
short period of time. The majority of the sherds belong to cooking-pots
and dishes for culinary use, representing about two-thirds of the total
pottery, but jugs are well represented. The jugs fall into two classes;
finer quality glazed ware for service at the table, and coarser unglazed
ware presumably also for culinary use. There are also single examples of
special types; a bottle, and a glazed aquamanile in the shape of a ram,
used for washing the hands during meals. The assemblage is fairly
representative of the range of types in use in a medieval household.
It will be convenient first to describe the various types,
and then to discuss the dating and analogies. The numbers in brackets in
the text refer to the numbers marked on the sherds by the excavator, and
on p. 40 these are listed as a register to the figures of pottery
selected for illustration.
COOKING-POTS (Fig. 5, 1-9)
The cooking-pots are large and capacious. Apart from three
of 7 to 9 in. rim diameter, the pots are very constant in size, from 11
1 A. Pitt-Rivers, King
John's House, Tollard Royal, pi. XXII, 6.