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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 72  1958  page 30
Medieval Buildings in the Joyden’s Wood Square Earthwork. 
   By P. J. Tester, F.S.A. and J. E. L. Caiger
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evidence, so far as it goes, is not incompatible with a date c. 1300.
   Iron Door-bolt (Fig. 4). This was found in the floor of Outbuilding 2. Mr. Dunning has kindly supplied the following note:
   The bolt is 11.8 in. long and has two curved projections below the middle, which form the locking device, and a vertical step near the end which went in and out of the door frame. The other end is bent round in the same plane as the bolt.
   The method of fixing the bolt appears to be that the bar was loosely held to the inside of the door by two large staples about 6 in. apart, one on each side of the projections. The key hole was an inch or two below the space between the projections on the bolt. The key was quite simple, hook-shaped, with the end bent round at right angles.
   In use the key was inserted through the key hole and turned round, so that its hooked end engaged one or other of the projections on the bolt. By turning the key, the bolt would be moved to one side or the other, thus freeing the door or bolting it. The step at the end


Fig. 4. Iron Door-bolt (⅓)

of the bolt is to restrict movement, so that the bar cannot be pulled too far through the staples. The turned-back end of the bolt could be used for sliding the bolt by hand from the inside of the door.
   Simple bolts of this kind were first introduced in late prehistoric times, and the long curved hook-like keys are not uncommonly found on settlement sites.1 The type remained to some extent in use during the Roman period. The later history is obscure, owing to lack of evidence, but that bolts of this pattern were widely used on Saxon huts is show by the finding of keys on settlement sites, such as the two simple keys in the Saxon village at Sutton Courtenay, Berkshire,2 and three keys at the Anglian settlement site at Crossgates, near Scarborough.8
   The last phase in the history of door-bolts is illustrated by five examples from the excavation of the late Saxon town of Thetford by the Ministry of Works. Four of these bolts are flat iron strips, from about 5 in. to 8 in. in length, each with two projections below the middle
   E.g. Devizes Museum Catalogue, II (1934), 90, pi. XXIVc, 1 and 136, pi. XXXIX, A-B.
   Archaeologia, LXXIII, pi. XXVTI, P-Q.
   J. G. Rutter and Q-. Duke, Excavations at Crossgates near Scarborough (1968), p. 56, fig. 13, 38/3-5.

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