older than the buildings and some modification of the internal
arrangements was made to accommodate them.
These facts accord with some external evidence suggesting a
late-12th or early-13th century origin for the Joyden's Wood enclosure.
In 1952-53 Mr. Brian Hope-Taylor, F.S.A., excavated the earthwork at
Preston, near Tadworth, Surrey, which bears a marked resemblance to that
at Joyden's Wood, and showed it to have been constructed c.1180-1200.
Within it were remains of two successive halls, one of which, Mr.
Hope-Taylor informs us, was similar to that at Joyden's Wood. He also
remarks that the relationship of the buildings and earthworks was
practically the same, and there was a general resemblance in the way the
lesser buildings were grouped around the greater. The form and material
of the footings also appear to be similar. Sunken tracks, probably
cattle droveways, were associated with both enclosures. Mr.
Hope-Taylor's report on Preston has not yet been published and we are
grateful to him for permission to refer here to his findings. It is
understood that the Preston report will include a general consideration
of the purpose of these medieval enclosures in S.E. England with a
discussion of their social and economic significance.
DESCRIPTION OF THE FINDS
The finds were remarkably few and, apart from the tiles and
pottery, of slight interest. The floor of the hall certainly did not
furnish confirmation of the lurid picture usually drawn of the filth and
squalor of medieval houses, the surviving rubbish consisting of some
potsherds, with a few bone fragments and oyster shells, generally
accumulated against the side walls and towards the N.E. end. The bones
were too few and fragmentary to supply any reliable evidence of the
Iron nails from the destroyed superstructure littered the
site, the majority being 3 to 4 in. long. Although undoubtedly medieval
they differ little from those commonly found on Roman sites, being
square in section with large, flat heads.
A small bronze belt-chape or strap-end, 0-8 in. long and
perfectly plain, occurred in the floor of Outbuilding 2 and was the only
object which could be classed as a personal ornament.
Pottery. This has been very fully dealt with by Mr.
G. C. Dunning in an appendix to this report.
Tiles. Specimens of several forms of roof-tile were
recovered from stratified contexts which enable them to be referred with
certainty to the late-13th or early-14th century. They are all of
reddish colour and many show evidence of slight distortion during
manufacture. A speckled appearance in some is due to the inclusion of
crushed tile in