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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 72  1958  page 23
Medieval Buildings in the Joyden’s Wood Square Earthwork. 
   By P. J. Tester, F.S.A. and J. E. L. Caiger
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was a large block of chalk set diagonally in the wall at floor-level so that one corner projected inward for about 6 in. to support some feature of the superstructure. There were remains of a partition forming a narrow apartment at the east end, similar to those shown on the plan of Building D, and these are thought to have been byres such as were commonly situated at the ends of medieval cottages.
   A few potsherds on the remaining part of the earth floor were closely similar to those from the hall and suggest that the building was used for human habitation. Numerous fallen tiles indicated the nature of the roof-covering and identical tiles were bedded into the footings in several places. It is uncertain whether the gap in the S. wall marks the original entrance, as the opening was rather wide and the ends of the walls disintegrated.
   Hogg's suggestion that the building might have been buried by the construction of the "rectangular mound" in which it stood was tested on account of its important bearing on the age of the earthworks. It was found that the appearance of the "mound" was partly an illusion due to the wide, shallow ditch or trackway bounding its W. side, enhanced by soil-creep from the bank. Levels were taken over this part of the site, from which it was ascertained that the base of the footings of Building A which had escaped disturbance had not been set more deeply than those of the hall, and there was no stratigraphical evidence to suggest that the construction of the adjoining earthworks post-dated the destruction of the building.

   Excavations undertaken by our member, Mr. P. C. Elliston Erwood, F.S.A., in 1925, revealed the rubble footings of this small structure which is believed to have been a cart lodge. Some medieval potsherds were found in association. An account of these researches was published in Jour. Brit. Arch. Assoc., N.S. XXXIV (1928).

   On the S.E. side of the hall we discovered further flint and chalk footings of a roughly square timber building. The presence of large trees prevented total excavation and a trench across the middle produced only the usual tile scatter. In clearing the footings some late-13th or early-14th century sherds were found. Near the E. corner there was an outlet composed of large squared chalk blocks forming a narrow passage like the flue of a kiln. It formerly connected with some feature outside, which had been reduced to a spread of scattered tiles and rubble. Marks of burning and ash were in evidence and we

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