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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 72  1958  page 20
Medieval Buildings in the Joyden’s Wood Square Earthwork. 
   By P. J. Tester, F.S.A. and J. E. L. Caiger
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formed in the timber framing of the walls, filled, with lattice and provided with shutters as a protection from the-weather. A few fragments of painted glass mentioned below as having been found to the N.E. of the hall are no indication that glazing was generally employed.
   Roughly mid-way along both sides, the footings had been "thickened for a short distance to form pronounced internal projections. It is thought that from these points there probably arose the substantial wall-posts of an open central truss supporting the roof, its curved braces beneath the tie-beam crossing the hall like a timber arch,1 The precise form of the roof cannot, of course, be determined but it is not improbable that it was of trussed-rafter construction. There was nothing to suggest that the roof was supported by pillars, in spite of the remarkable width of the hall. Aisled halls were, however, still being built in S.E. England in the 14th century as shown by the example still standing at Tiptofts, near Saffron Walden,, Essex.
   The fact that the footings of the main central truss were set askew may be explained as bad setting-out, as also illustrated by the N. and E. angles of the building being noticeably out of square.
   A porch of unusual construction covered the main entrance on the N.W. side. Its lateral walls did not butt directly on the main structure but joined a wall parallel to it and just beyond its outer face. In this, chalk footing was a long slot to receive a sleeper beam, 7 in. square in section, into which the doorposts and the studs of the wall on either side would-have-been tenoned. The purpose of recessing the beam 'was-clearly to-avoid obstruction across the threshold. Possibly this porch was an addition to the hall as originally constructed.
   Within the entrance, and slightly to one side, was the chalk footing for a timber screen projecting at right-angles to the wall and intended to deflect the draught through the open door from the opposite end of the hall. There was no evidence of this screen ever having extended across the hall in the usual way as seen at Penshurst and elsewhere. It approximates to the feature in medieval domestic buildings known as a speer.
   To the E. were remains of substantial though partially disturbed chalk footings which had supported timber partitions dividing this end of the building into the two domestic offices customarily situated at the "lower" end of medieval halls. These rooms, known as the pantry and buttery, provided store-places for food and drink respectively. A relatively large number of flagon sherds occurring on the floor of the room further from the entrance suggests that this was the buttery.
   1  In the hall of Ightham Mote a stone arch occupies this position and is set slightly askew like the truss at Joyden's Wood. (Arch. Cant., XXVII, p. 8 and accompanying plan.
   M. and C'. H. B. Quennell, A History of Everyday Things in England 1066-1499,'p. 157.

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