KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY  -- RESEARCH   Studying and sharing Kent's past      Homepage

Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 69  1955  page 37

THE JUTISH CEMETERY AT LYMINGE    By Alan Warhurst, B.A., A.M.A.

settings and sumptuousness of the decoration would seem to place these brooches in the Sarre, Chessell Down, Herpes complex.1
   None of the Lyminge’s brooches is likely to be later that about A.D. 600 although the types and decoration were in use probably for a hundred years and more before this date. The variety in type probably reflects to the full the fusion of Frank, Saxon and Briton in an area of great geographical significance (see p. 40) which was at the turn of the century to produce the full flower of Kentish or Jutish culture.

Pottery
  
Two pottery vessels were found in graves 24 and 42, both child burials. The latter is such a pot as might be found on any Anglo-Saxon site and is an addition to the growing list of hand-made pottery found in E. Kent. Typologically it is pre-Frankish, late fifth or early sixth century A.D. in date, but it is equally likely to be a poor example made some two generations or so afterwards. It was found with a buckle, the tongue of which has a rectangular shield. The wheel-turned vessel from grave 24 is of a fabric and shape with a well known Frankish and Jutish distribution.

Glass.
  
Glass vessels were found in graves 13 and 41. The cylindrical glass bottle from grave 13 is an unusually

interesting find. In his well known review of Anglo-Saxon glass vessels found in England, Dr. D. B. Harden 2 listed only one such glass vessel, from Bifrons. 3 The Bifrons bottle (Pl. VI, No.2) is broken and incomplete but the Lyminge bottle was recovered complete and undamaged. Both bottles are undoubtedly products of the Frankish Rhineland and their shape is derived from the fourth century Roman funnel-mouthed cylindrical flask which had ceased to be manufactured on the Continent by the beginning of the fifth century A.D. 4 Continental parallels are not closely dated 5 but the well-formed shoulder of the Lyminge bottle may indicate a relationship not far removed from the Roman prototype, which invariably shows an angular junction of body and neck 6 in contrast to the smoother flowing form of Frankish examples. The
   1 Cf. Aberg, op. Cit.,Figs. 126, 129 Chessell Down; Fig. 120 Sarre and Fig. 119 Herpes.
   2. Archaeologia News Letter, July, 1950.
   3. In the Collections of the Kent Archaeological Society at Maidstone Museum, K.A.S., no. 270.
   4. F. Rademacher, "Frankische Glaser aus dem Rheinland", Bonner Jahrbucher, 147 (1942), p. 319.
   5. Ibid., Tafel 69, nos. 1 and 2.
   6. W. Habery, "Spatantike Glaser aus Grabern von Mayen", Bonner Jahrbucher, 147 (1942), p. 249 ff. See examples from graves 3, 11, 12, 19 and 24.

Page 37  (This page prepared for the Website by Christine Pantrey)               

Previous page   Back to Page and Plate listings    Next page

Back the Contents page   Back to Arch. Cant. List   Back to Publications On-line  Back to Research Page  Back to Homepage

 Kent Archaeological Society is a registered charity number 223382
© Kent Archaeological Society 2003     

This website is constructed by enthusiastic amateurs. Any errors noticed by other researchers will be to gratefully received so
 that we can amend our pages to give as accurate a record as possible. Please send details too research@kentarchaeology.org.uk