A small bronze buckle (Fig. 8, No. 3)
at the left waist.
An iron axe-head (Fig. 4, No 6) found standing
vertically, blade downwards, at the right arm.
GRAVE 8. A man, 5ft. 9 in.; 45-50 years of age; this skeleton
had been disturbed at an unknown date above the knees and the bones above
this point were found in confusion in the backfill; the left leg crossed
over the right at the ankle; 91 deg., 2ft. 0 in. deep.
GRAVE 9. A woman; over 60 years of age; supine, full length,
left arm across the pelvis, head pillowed; 79 deg., I ft. 9 in. deep.
Finds. A silver plated bronze buckle (Fig. 8,
No. 2) with two small bronze rivets, 1/8 in. long, which fastened
the end of the belt after it had passed round the stem of the buckle. The
tongue of the buckle, which pointed right, was hinged by a curved
projection from its base1.
GRAVE 10. A woman over 60 years of age; supine, full length,
left arm across the pelvis; 81 deg., 1ft. 8 in. deep.
Finds. A flat penannular brooch (Fig. 7) at the
right shoulder. The ends of the brooch were doubled back to house the
point of the iron pin, now missing, which was hinged through a small hole
at the opposite side. The scheme of decoration indicates that the two
folds were of equal size originally, but one of them was broken off by
the break subsequently worn smooth and later patinated The brooch
was, therefore, old when buried. The hinge-hole could only have
accommodated a thin pin which could not have supported a heavy weight of
The decoration was traced and punched with a sure and firm
hand. The scheme includes two "bearded" beaks with eyes and
two horse -like creatures, nose to the ground. The zones of decoration
are separated by panels of hatching and cross-hatching. There is an
inner and outer border of a double band of tiny gouge marks with a
peripheral band of triangular gouge marks. The larger folded end of the
brooch is traced with a boldly executed animal head and the incomplete
one shows clearly the hatched collar of a similar head now missing. The
decoration on the larger fold had been obscured by iron corrosion of the
pin and could only be determined after this part of the brooch had been
subjected to local electrolytic cleaning.
The rich green patination of the bronze combines with the
liveliness and quality of the decoration to make this brooch one of the
loveliest objects from the Lyminge cemetery.
1. A fragment of the
plating was submitted to the Kent County Analyst for analysis and the
following figures were supplied:
with traces of lead, iron, nickel and gold.