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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 69  1955  page 8

THE JUTISH CEMETERY AT LYMINGE    By Alan Warhurst, B.A., A.M.A.

   A fragment of leather was found beneath the attachment-plate1
   An iron knife, a pair of bronze tweezers (Fig. 6, No. 4) and a very worn Roman bronze coin 2 of Constantine I at the right fore-arm. 
   A bronze bodkin (Fig. 5, No. 4) at the left hand side of the skull. 
   The fragmentary remains of two small riveted bronze plates by the right hand side of the skull and at the neck. Their purpose is unknown.
  
GRAVE 2. A man; 5 ft. 8 in.; 40-45 years of age; supine, full length. arms straight; 272 deg., 2ft. 6 in. deep. This burial was exceptional in that the head was at the easterly end of the grave.
   No finds.
  
GRAVE 3. Probably a woman; 60 years of age; supine, full length, arms straight; 97 deg., 1 ft. 4 in. deep.
   Finds. A bronze buckle (Fig. 8, No. 1), the terminals in the form of crude animal heads, at the left waist; the iron tongue, now missing, pointed right.
   An iron knife at the left arm with an illegible Roman bronze coin probably of the fourth century A.D.
   A bronze-gilt perforated stud, set with a piece of wine-coloured glass (Fig. 5, No. 6) over the knife blade.
   The base of this stud is perforated and the flange is

decorated with a series of angled incisions. This stud was probably a decoration on the sheath which contained the knife. In close proximity were found two tantalisingly small fragments of bronze plating (Fig. 5, Nos. 7a and b) one of which is decorated with naturalistic animal ornament. These fragments are curved in section and could have been decorative applications to the wooden handle of the knife.
   GRAVE 4. An adult man; supine, full length, arms straight; 90 deg., 2 ft. 6 in. deep. This grave was disturbed by one of the mushroom shed foundation holes.
   1. This leather fragment has been examined by Dr. Mary Dempsey of the British Leather Manufacturers’ Research Association, who reports- "The grain part of the leather (i.e., the part through which the hair follicles run) has gone and only the flesh remains; of this the fibres are somewhat ‘glued’ as you might expect. Hence it is not possible for us to say with certainty from which animal the leather was made. It was not light skin such as sheep or goat. The apparent size of the fibres would rather suggest cattle or deer-hide; their yellow colour indicates that the leather was vegetable tanned."
   2. Mr. C. M. Kraay, of the Herberden Coin Room at the Ashmolean Museum, has supplied the following reading:-
      obv. Head of Constantine to right, laureate, bust robed, holding   
      eagle sceptre. (CON)STAN(TINUS AVG)
                                                        VOT
Rev. Globe above altar inscribed IS R(B)EAT (ATRANQUILLITAS)
                                                         XX
       I
      PT(R) Mint of Trier.

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