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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 62  1949  pages 23

A First Century Urn-Field at Cheriton, near Folkestone. By P. J. Tester and H. F. Bing, M.A., F.R.Hist.S

brooches found in the cinerary urns of Group I and Group VII are paralleled by a similar find at Swarling. From the dating of the associated Samian pottery it is certain that some of the Cheriton burials were made in Roman times, as late as the end of the first century, but on the other hand much of the coarse ware, particularly the cordoned vessels, is entirely Belgic in character. It is now commonly recognized that Belgic pottery forms survived into the period after the Claudian conquest, so it is not certain that these Belgic vessels are pre-Claudian in date. Nevertheless, the early character of the vessels in some of the groups which are not associated with Samian ware, together with the cylindrical, cordoned vessels recovered from the trench, makes it possible that some of the burials are earlier than A.D. 43.
   At two points in the excavation, patches of blackened sand with flecks of charcoal were revealed at depths of between three to four feet from the surface. Unfortunately, the conditions under which the excavation was carried out did not permit a thorough examination of the extent and nature of these patches. The northern patch, which showed itself in the bottom of the workmen’s trench, contained ox bones, fragments of coarse pottery, and portions of a much corroded iron knife blade. It is possible that this represents an occupation site considerably earlier than the burials. This theory is supported by the evidence of a neighbouring find, sixty yards north of the site under consideration, 

consisting of a large hand-made vessel of coarse ware, accompanied by other similar sherds, wood ash and animal bones at a depth of three feet. This and certain other finds in the vicinity are reported upon in a note at the end of this report. The other patch was of a different character, being over a foot thick and containing fragments of rusted iron. It might well mark the site of cremation fires, though it would appear that if this were so, the cremations must have been made in a pit or trench to account for the ashes occurring below the level of the vessels in the associated burial groups.

   In the following account, the nine burial groups are described individually, the Roman numerals indicating their respective positions as shown on the plan, and the order in which they were uncovered. The descriptions of individual vessels are numbered in accordance with Figs. 1-5 illustrating the text. All the finds have been placed in the Folkestone Borough Museum.

   This group was revealed in the south side of the trench. A sharp, unpatinated flake of flint rested on a level with the bases of the vessels and a foot from the cinerary urn. Another similar flake occurred in the soil, level with the top of this vessel.

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