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     Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 45 1933  page 11
THE SCULPTURED ORNAMENT OF THE SOUTH DOORWAY OF BARFRESTON CHURCH. By the Rev. A. H. Collins, M.A.

seems to have the right eye obscured by a bunch of hair. If the latter were a womanís head, it might be an early example of the contrast between the Church and the Synagogue. A fully developed example of this contrast is given in Parkerís Calendar of the Prayer Book, from painted glass at Bourges. On one side the Church, a female figure crowned and nimbed, stands upright with a cross in her left hand, and the model of a Church in her right. On the other side is the Synagogue, a woman with bandaged eyes, and a crown fallen from her head into her left hand, while a broken staff is held in the right. The uncertain tuft of hair on the right hand head at Barfreston seems hardly strong enough as a foundation for so elaborate a conclusion, especially as the crown is firmly fixed.
   The first two of the creatures at the base of the tympanum are like sphinxes though they lack wings. On the Mappa Mundi at Hereford is a Sphinx with the inscription: "Spinx avis est penna, serpens pede, fronte puella." The same creature is on the perpendicular font at Upavon, Wilts.,

 where the only two legs are hindlegs, as distinguished from the two forelegs on the map.
   One of the sphinx-like creatures at Barfreston, that with the short hair may be male. The two other prodigies on the opposite side are a fish-siren or mermaid, and a griffin compounded of the foreparts of an eagle and the hinder parts. of a lion. Both these creatures are common in the Bestiaries.
   I am not able to identify all the animals on the abaci of the Barfreston capitals. But among them the following are fairly certain. Two butting rams facing one another on the left of the doorway, and a typical hedgehog on the right just below medallion (14). There are also dragons and human headed monsters with perhaps a manticora among them. As Mr. Druce has shown, the butting rams are a favourite subject on later misericords, e.g. at Wells, Ely and Beverley Minster.
   The hedgehog gathers grapes or apples on its spines and then goes off to its hole to feed its young. If it be worried

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