earliest pictorial evidence favours his wearing one, and he gives
instances from Dr. Tancred Boreniusí St. Thomas Becket in Art. Mr.
Woodruff tells me that Becket has no beard upon his seal.
There is a difficulty in having so advanced a mitre at so
early a date as say 1173, the year of Becketís canonization. Mr.
Woodruff is of the opinion that Stephen Langton was the first Archbishop
to wear his mitre in the modern way, with one horn in front rather than
with two horns above the eyes.1 The date of Barfreston doorway
cannot however be as late as Langton.
In the Museum at Sens the vestments of St. Thomas of
Canterbury are shown with a mitre rather higher in the sides than that of
Barfreston but with the horn similarly at the top, and the ornament
disposed in the same way. Is there any adequate proof that these vestments
are authentic? If the claim that the Archbishop represented here is
St. Thomas of Canterbury be true, it will be one more example of
disobedience to the demand of Henry VIII. that "his images
and pictures throughout the realm shall be put down and avoided out of all
Churches and Chapels and other places."
(22) This has been thought to represent a master mason giving
instructions to his man, with reference to a stone to which he is
pointing. The figures however seem to be shaking hands.
I make the tentative suggestion that we have here the
agreement of Jacob and Laban at Galeed mentioned in Genesis xxxi. Dr.
James is doubtful about this interpretation, and indeed it seems
impossible to give from ancient art any example of this scene.
(23) A lady on horse back with her hair arranged in long
To Dr. James this suggests the month of May.
1 Mr. Romilly Allen, in his
articles in the Reliquary already cited, held a similar view. He
says: " The mitre was not introduced till the 13th century, and
representations of Bishops with any kind of headdress before this date are