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     Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 45 1933  page 9
THE SCULPTURED ORNAMENT OF THE SOUTH DOORWAY OF BARFRESTON CHURCH. By the Rev. A. H. Collins, M.A.

earliest pictorial evidence favours his wearing one, and he gives instances from Dr. Tancred Boreniusí St. Thomas Becket in Art. Mr. Woodruff tells me that Becket has no beard upon his seal.
   There is a difficulty in having so advanced a mitre at so early a date as say 1173, the year of Becketís canonization. Mr. Woodruff is of the opinion that Stephen Langton was the first Archbishop to wear his mitre in the modern way, with one horn in front rather than with two horns above the eyes.1 The date of Barfreston doorway cannot however be as late as Langton.
   In the Museum at Sens the vestments of St. Thomas of Canterbury are shown with a mitre rather higher in the sides than that of Barfreston but with the horn similarly at the top, and the ornament disposed in the same way. Is there any adequate proof that these vestments are authentic?  If the claim that the Archbishop represented here is St. Thomas of Canterbury be true, it will be one more example of disobedience to the demand of Henry VIII. that "his images

and pictures throughout the realm shall be put down and avoided out of all Churches and Chapels and other places."
   (22) This has been thought to represent a master mason giving instructions to his man, with reference to a stone to which he is pointing. The figures however seem to be shaking hands.
   I make the tentative suggestion that we have here the agreement of Jacob and Laban at Galeed mentioned in Genesis xxxi. Dr. James is doubtful about this interpretation, and indeed it seems impossible to give from ancient art any example of this scene.
   (23) A lady on horse back with her hair arranged in long plaits.
   To Dr. James this suggests the month of May.
   1 Mr. Romilly Allen, in his articles in the Reliquary already cited, held a similar view. He says: " The mitre was not introduced till the 13th century, and representations of Bishops with any kind of headdress before this date are very rare."

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