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    Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol.  28  1909  page 351
ALLINGTON CASTLE. By Sir W. Martin Conway, M.A., F.S.A.

Penchester when he embattled the gate-house also built the existing bridge and now ruined barbican before it. The latter consisted of two thick walls of masonry on either hand and was closed to the north by great wooden gates overhung by machicolations. Each of the side walls could be ascended by small flights of steps leading to the machicolation platform. The bridge walls were high enough to protect a man on horseback. Further north at the outer moat was some other defensive work, but of that only trifling and inexplicable foundations remain.
   Amongst the fragments of old work which I have recovered in excavation or out of the old walls is a bit of a sculptured corbel of the thirteenth century, and a portion of a deep hood-moulding of the same date, both possibly from the inside face of one of the destroyed windows in the west side of the banqueting hail. A jamb of one of these windows still exists smothered in later work. A fragment of a small late-Norman window jamb, elaborately adorned with a nail-head moulding retaining traces of colour, was also found in the soil of the court. I have no idea whence it came.
Stephen of Penchester died at Easter 1299, and was


has elicited from the author a letter containing further remarks, which are too important to omit—" I find for quite certain that (I.) the room over the gate house and the upstairs room of the Avelina wing are earlier than Penchester. Both were of the same height and were lower till Penchester raised them. In both Penchester cut off the ends (which still exist) of the corbels which supported the lower roof. Both contain re-used Norman stones. Hence the bulk of the gate house and the bulk of the Avelina wing are of the same date. It is only the angle-room at N.W. corner that seems to have been much altered, the section of the N. wall being this—much thicker for ground than first floor." (Here follows a section shewing a deep interior off-set, on which the joists of the first floor rest.) "(II.) The gate house had a drawbridge before Penchester. Penchester built the barbican which made drawbridge useless. Hence that moat must have existed before Penchester.
. . . Of course, if it could be shewn that that Cobham (or a Cobham) built the barbican, then P. might have arranged the gate house and made the moat. But this is improbable. A drawbridge was common to every old manor house and the moat was more essential at the gate than anywhere. As the upper-gate. house room is Avelina the ground floor must be. Also Penchester in 1282 would not have built from the ground level such a weak gate-house as this." Perhaps the puzzle presented by the relation of the inner moat to the Avelina garden-wall, which crosses it at two points, may be explained by the possibility that the drawbridge and an inner moat were made in the interval between Avelina and Penchester.—Ed.

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