Another notable detail about this building is
the drain. This runs obliquely from the court under the north guardroom,
through the bottom of the tower. and out to the moat. It was massively
built of large stones well embedded in the strong mortar. It flushed
the foot of the two shafts that descended from the upper floor garderobe
of the tower, and then it passed out through a low archway at the foot of
the tower and down into the moat. It must be remembered that, before there
was a lock, the moat was filled and almost emptied at every spring-tide,
so that tolerably good drainage was thus obtained.
It should perhaps here be added that Kilburne (p.12) states
that Penchester built "a faire Tower called Solomonís Tower,"
and as Solomonís Tower in its upper part was built in exactly the same
style as the Penchester lodgings, it is to be concluded that if Penchester
built the one he also built the other. Unfortunately it is likewise stated
that the gate-house was built by Penchesterís successor Henry de Cobham.
For several reasons it is impossible to accept this statement without
reserve. To begin with, the gate-house is
of the Avelina manor-house. Then, as far as its embattlement and
elevation are concerned, the work is of the same kind and date as that
of the ground floor of Solomonís tower, which must have been
earlier than the upper floors. Lastly, the gate-house seems to have been
almost it not quite the first thing taken in hand when the restoration
was begun, so that if Penchester built the tower he embattled the
gate-house. It used to trouble me because I could find no castle
gate-house of the time of Edward I. at all resembling this one.*
Its flanking towers are so weak and slender and have so little salience.
It was only when I realised that the lower part of it might be really
nothing more than the gateway of an unfortified manor-house of the end
of the twelfth century that the difficulty seemed to be overcome.Ü (Plan
* That at Lewes comes closest to it.
Ü Awaiting detailed analysis the whole of the gate-house
has been coloured both brown (Avelina) and blue (Penchester) in the
[A query as to whether the inner moat could not be assigned
to Penchester (continued)