buttery, kitchen, etc., were built along the east side.
The fire-place of the hail was enclosed in a semi-circular projection with
flanking buttresses which slope up its sides on to the outer face of the
east wall. A little further south there came a large tower. In the south
wall, at its junction with the remnants of the Columbers keep, was built a
semicircular projection enclosing another fire-place, very similar to that
of the great hail, but the building which it served has disappeared, all
the existing buildings to the south of the buttery and kitchen adjoining
the great hall being later additions. A garderobe, forming a square
projection externally, was inserted in the bit of Columbers wall that
still exists in the south wall of the castle. A little to west of it the
Penchester work begins again, and the junction with the Columbers wall can
be clearly traced right down to the bottom of the foundations. The ground
floor of the tower called Solomonís Tower was built, when suddenly the
whole style of the building changes, and a new architect obviously came
in. He completed Solomonís Tower and built the chambers north of it that
fill the space
up to, and abut against, the south end of the west wing of the Avelina
house. These chambers I call the Penchester lodgings. Their outer wall
consists in its lower part of the Avelina wall of enclosure, which was
strong enough to carry the weight of the upper part of the wall now added.
The same architect also built the tower outside the Penchester lodgings.
It is built against and not bonded into the previously existing wall
below, but it is bonded into the now added upper part of the wall.
Penchesterís work thus falls into two periods or stages. In
the first the vaults are roughly made of rag, and the coigns and arches
are often of rag or firestone, rather roughly handled, though sometimes of
a better stone. The mortar used is not very good, and the work appears to
have been quickly and rather indifferently done. In the second period all
this is changed. The vaults are now made very neatly of brick.
Excellently-tooled Caen stone is employed for all openings and coigns. The
mortar used is excessively