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    Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 28  1909  page 341
ALLINGTON CASTLE. By Sir W. Martin Conway, M.A., F.S.A.

consideration. Besides the dene there was a wood of eight hogs. As to this I can only again quote the most recent authority. He says, "The way of estimating its (a wood’s) value is very often to indicate the number of swine which might get their food in it. Another mode of appreciation based on the same feature—the nutritive capacity of the wood—was to specify how many animals were rendered in dues for the use of the pannage; this seems the most appropriate explanation for otherwise odd expressions, such as ‘wood for two pigs." The acre of meadow must have been situated in the low ground near the river. Immediately after the Conquest the value of the estate fell from 100 to 60 shillings, but by the time of .Doomsday it had risen again to its former value of 100 shillings.
   After Odo of Bayeux’ rebellion his lands were confiscated, and Allington was granted to William, Earl Warenne, afterwards created Earl of Surrey by William Rufus. It was he who built the first castle at Allington, a moated mound, of which considerable traces remain close 

to the south of the present castle enclosure.*(Plan No.1) This mound was raised at the edge of a swamp, which was probably much swampier then than now, though even to-day it is very wet except in the dry summer season. I have raised the level and thus dried part of it, and intend to deal in the same way with the rest. Close to the north edge of this mound remains a portion of wall of very evident early-Norman date. It is in a most ruinous condition, and as it threatened to fall I have had to underpin it and patch it up. The masonry is similar to that characteristic of Gundulf’s work, with courses of stones laid obliquely.† The moat used to run between this wall and the mound, but has been filled up. I intend to reopen it. The existing fragment of Norman wall is included in the circuit of the late twelfth-century enclosure, to which I must presently refer. Presumably the eleventh-century wall surrounded the Norman village, and formed a bailey adjacent
  * See the "Map."
  † Cf. the masonry of Rochester Castle, illustrated in Vol. XVIII.,
         126.

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