consideration. Besides the dene there was a wood of eight
hogs. As to this I can only again quote the most recent authority. He
says, "The way of estimating its (a wood’s) value is very often to
indicate the number of swine which might get their food in it. Another
mode of appreciation based on the same feature—the nutritive capacity of
the wood—was to specify how many animals were rendered in dues for the
use of the pannage; this seems the most appropriate explanation for
otherwise odd expressions, such as ‘wood for two pigs." The acre of
meadow must have been situated in the low ground near the river.
Immediately after the Conquest the value of the estate fell from 100 to 60
shillings, but by the time of .Doomsday it had risen again to its former
value of 100 shillings.
After Odo of Bayeux’ rebellion his lands were confiscated,
and Allington was granted to William, Earl Warenne, afterwards created
Earl of Surrey by William Rufus. It was he who built the first castle at
Allington, a moated mound, of which considerable traces remain close
to the south of the present castle enclosure.*(Plan
No.1) This mound was raised at
the edge of a swamp, which was probably much swampier then than now,
though even to-day it is very wet except in the dry summer season. I have
raised the level and thus dried part of it, and intend to deal in the same
way with the rest. Close to the north edge of this mound remains a portion
of wall of very evident early-Norman date. It is in a most ruinous
condition, and as it threatened to fall I have had to underpin it and
patch it up. The masonry is similar to that characteristic of Gundulf’s
work, with courses of stones laid obliquely.† The moat used to run
between this wall and the mound, but has been filled up. I intend to
reopen it. The existing fragment of Norman wall is included in the circuit
of the late twelfth-century enclosure, to which I must presently refer.
Presumably the eleventh-century wall surrounded the Norman village, and
formed a bailey adjacent
* See the "Map."
† Cf. the masonry of Rochester Castle, illustrated in Vol.