KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY  -- RESEARCH   Studying and sharing Kent's past      Homepage

    Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 28  1909  page 340
ALLINGTON CASTLE. By Sir W. Martin Conway, M.A., F.S.A.

the large fractions of the plough-team and plough-land. Bordars had small plots of about five acres, rarely as much as ten or twelve acres. The villains and bordars of Allington owned between them a team and a half, or twelve oxen among seventeen men. The demesne consisted of the home-farm and the aula or hall. The hall probably stood on the site of the existing castle. For working the home-farm there were two teams, or sixteen oxen. There were also two slaves, the same in number (as so often in Doomsday) as the teams of oxen. In other cases the slaves are twice the number of the teams. Vinogradoff says that the slaves were probably men holding a definite job on an estate, more especially ploughmen.
   The old church of Allington, Saxon or Norman, existed even after the middle of the nineteenth century, when it was ruthlessly destroyed, and a forged Wardour-Street Early English church built on its site, only the fourteenth century porch being retained. It was at a later time included within the castle boundaries, and is still called the ‘Church of St. Lawrence within the walls of Allington Castle.’ In the 

rectory garden the foundations of a bastion tower have been found, and it is possible that it formed part of a wall that enclosed the castle and the old quarry (now covered by the Lock Wood). It is tantalising to know that: the old church, when destroyed, contained wall-paintings which, to judge from a tiny and very rough sketch of them which I have seen, may even have come down from the twelfth century.
   As to the half-mill I have learnt nothing. I have sometimes thought that the dene of fifteen shillings might be the quarry. "A dene," says Vinogradoff, "is a clearance in the thicket in which men and animals may move with some ease; such pasturage grounds within the wood were especially numbered and guarded, and mostly contained a few huts for the keepers and herdsmen." The Allington dene was worth almost one-seventh of the whole land, a considerable proportion when the whole area was so small, and I am inclined to think that the suggestion that it was quarry is worth

Page 340  (This page prepared for the Website by Ted Connell)                  

Previous Page          Back to Page listings          Next Page     

For details about the advantages of membership of the Kent Archaeological Society   click here

Back the Contents page   Back to Arch. Cant. List   Back to Publications On-line  Back to Research Page  Back to Homepage

Kent Archaeological Society is a registered charity number 223382
© Kent Archaeological Society August 2005

This website is constructed by enthusiastic amateurs. Any errors noticed by other researchers will be to gratefully received so
 that we can amend our pages to give as accurate a record as possible. Please send details too research@kentarchaeology.org.uk