doors both in its west side, and had a door
opening on to it from the room over the chapter house, which was either
a part of the dormitory itself, or an intervening chamber also used as a
passage. When the canons left their beds to go and say the night
offices, they passed through this last-named door, along the gallery,
down the staircase, and through a door in the screen to which the
iron-hook belongs, into the church—returning to
their beds by the same way. In the morning, when they had to descend
into the cloister, they used the same gallery and staircase, but instead
of passing into the church the southern of the two west doors of the
transept admitted them into the eastern cloister-alley.
Immediately adjoining the transept is the chapter house,
which was a fine apartment of three bays, 34ft. by 21ft., doubtless
divided into two alleys by two piers supporting the vaulting. * The west
and north walls are entire, but the others remain to the height of but a
few feet. The doorway and its flanking windows are unfortunately
South of the chapter house is an apartment 22ft. long by
12ft. wide, which may have been the regular or common
parlour, where conversation was allowed. †
Running southwards from this is the common house, which was
provided with a fire-place; hence its other name—calefactory.
As a modern kitchen and several cisterns encumber the site of this
portion of the buildings, it is not possible to ascertain how it was
reached from the cloister, what was its extent southwards, or whether
the way to the "farmory" and cemetery led through it. For this
latter purpose a slype is often provided, on either side of the chapter
house, but though at first sight this seems to have been the case here,
it was not really so, for there is no door in the east end of the
parlour, and the two parallel walls which run eastwards from it
evidently belong to the necessarium. ‡
* This need not necessarily have been the case,
but the existence of a wall above between the two eastern severies,
seems to require a pier beneath to carry the weight. The chapter house
at Dale was precisely similarly arranged.
† The statutes of the Præmonstratensian Order strictly
enjoined silence in the church, cloister, refectory, and dormitory.
‡ Called the "Third dormitory" at Canterbury
and the "Rere-dorter" at Westminster.