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Archaeologia Cantiana Vol. 14 -1882  pages 139
                                     
THE ROMAN VILLA AT WINGHAM   By George Dowker, F.G.S.  Continued

have not completed the excavation of this, I shall leave the description for some future paper. This hypocaust had originally been divided by a cross wall, leaving the east part 11ft 2in. square; the remains of this broken wall are seen on either side of the hypocaust room, all the walls of which are built of yellow tiles, eleven inches in length. The concrete bottom is laid under the blocks and tiles. Beyond the first half the fire action had been most destructive to the tiles, and this portion appears to have been paved with tesserae of cubes of tile one inch or more square.
   The cross flues, where they penetrated the south wall, had been blocked up with masonry, and the soil above the debris of a fallen floor was dark earth, in which was found Upchurch pottery, a coin of Antoninus Pius with a hole bored through it as if to suspend it by, and a minimus of Constantine. The evidences are in favour of its being used by the Saxons, when the fire-flues were blocked up.
   It will be impossible to say, from the portions of this villa already excavated, of what size it is likely to prove. At present we seem to have met only with the buildings 

connected with the baths, and these are not of large size, but we have not yet found the entrance, nor the atrium. The buildings discovered appear to have been those at the north-eastern extremity of the villa. Traces of walls some yards to the south are indicated by the trial probe of iron, and foundations of walls are discernible in the arable field some hundred yards or more south-east of the present excavation. The bath with tessellated sides,* and the two tessellated floored rooms adjoining, bespeak a villa of the better sort.
   The situation is that usually selected by the Romans: a spot sheltered from the east and north winds, and open to the south-west. A beautiful spring of water, that of Wingham Well, runs close by and turns a water-mill beyond. At Ickham, the adjoining parish, and almost within sight of this spot, another Roman villa exists. It is hoped that sufficient funds will be found to make a thorough exploration of this villa.
* For an example of similar mural decoration, found near Caistor,Mr. Roach Smith refers us to Artis's Durobrivę Identified.

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