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Archaeologia Cantiana Vol. 14 -1882  pages 135
                                     
THE ROMAN VILLA AT WINGHAM   By George Dowker, F.G.S.  Continued

been long known that traces of foundations of walls might be seen in the field called "The Vineyard," during dry seasons, in the corn. Mr. Sheppard had seen Roman tiles exposed in the fields, and along the stack-yard some years ago; and the late Mr. Ackerman had obtained Roman coins from the same fields. Stimulated by these reports, I, by the courtesy of the present tenant, Mr. John Robinson, made several trial holes all along the fence of the Vineyard field, next the stack-yard, and was rewarded on July 22, 1881, by the discovery of Roman buildings, which I will now describe.
   About half-way between the stack-yard and the stream from Wingham Well, skirting the western side of the field, I came on the foundation of a concrete floor, which, on further excavating, proved to be that of a Roman bath, with walls covered with a tessellated mosaic, the upper part white, and the lower half of a slate colour. The bottom had likewise had a tessellated floor of similar material, but had been broken up, and a small portion next the sides alone remained. The wall of this bath was of Roman tile and eighteen inches thick; the whole had been filled with 

broken tile and flint, and contained bones of animals and charcoal. Having obtained permission from the tenant, and from his landlord the Earl Cowper, to continue the excavation, and having received a grant of 10 from the Kent Archaeological Society, and 20 from Earl Cowper, we enclosed the site with a high pole fence; and our work since harvest has resulted thus far in exposing the buildings described below.
   In this and nearly every excavation I have made on a Roman site, the foundations have been covered with much superincumbent earth, and much charcoal has been found. The walls, of all the rooms found here, had been levelled to the surface of the soil; and their debris had been thrown down upon the tessellated floors. The soil since accumulated, above the whole, is the joint effect of rain-wash and of worms. The presence of a millstone (of uncertain date), and the absence of any medieval remains, point to an early period.
   The bath, which for the sake of distinction I shall call Room No. 1, measures inside 8 ft. 4 in. east to west, and 6ft. 5 in.

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