found in its walls, as samples of which I would point
to Roman tiles, travertine, tertiary sandstone, Kentish rag, Purbeck,
red and green sandstone, Caen stone, flint, and doubtless many others.
It is very likely that the Romano-Saxon building suffered
from the fierce and general ravages of the Danes. It still however
maintained sufficient reputation to have given a title to suffragan
bishops for a period of 350 years according to one tradition (at any
rate for fifty years), till they finally became merged, in the time of
Lanfranc, into Archdeacons of Canterbury.
The interior of the church assumed its present general
shape at the end of the twelfth or the beginning of the thirteenth
century, though alterations and additions have been made in several
Of the building as it now stands we may roughly assign the
different portions to the following periods:—
(1) Roman.—General prevalence of
tiles, some of them almost undoubtedly in situ in parts of the
(2) Saxon or Pre-Norman—The font;
the priest's door
(six feet high) on south of chancel; traces of
another door S.E. of nave, which from measurement I have discovered to
be necessarily anterior to the Norman piscina; and large portions of
wall masonry of a chequy pattern, i.e. square stones with large
interstices of sea-shore mortar.
(3) Norman.—Probably the
buttresses; and a piscina (measuring twenty inches by twelve), said to
be the earliest and most complete existing in England, with two holes
above it for the supports of the canopy.
(4) Early English.—Chancel arch,
roof of nave, and blocked porch or door S.W. of the church.
(5) Fourteenth Century, Decorated.—The
tower; and the single-light windows of the nave.
(6) Beginning of Fifteenth Century.—The
window over the font, which is clearly half of a former two-light
(7) End of Fifteenth Century.—The
There are a few objects deserving somewhat longer explanation.
(a) The early Roman church probably occupied the site