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Archaeologia Cantiana - Vol. 127   2007 page 434

Researches and Discoveries in Kent

stock. From the evidence of the animal bones in the pit, which include a higher than usual percentage of skull fragments and few large long bones, it might be suggested that these were produced during butchery of animals at an outlying farmstead in preparation for taking the meat either back to Otford or to other settlements nearby.
   A copy of the watching brief report is with Kent County Council and another has been deposited at the Otford Heritage Centre: the finds are retained by the householder.


   1 The ‘Progress’ villa was originally excavated in 1927-8 by B.W. Pearce who considered that the first/second-century house burnt down and was abandoned and that the courtyard and cellar were used later as an ‘animal refuge’. However, it appears the house was rebuilt as fourth-century material was found with wall plaster painted in sophisticated designs. Trial trenching to confirm the location of the villa was carried out by Brian Philp in 1971.
    2 The existing remains are of the palace (later appropriated by Henry VIII) built by Archbishop Warham (1503-33), traditionally over or near the manor house built by Becket. Parts of fourteenth-century walls and ditches have been revealed by excavation.
   3 The globular urn found in 1954 was dated stylistically to the mid-sixth century and is stamp-decorated with three-line chevrons. The second urn, discovered in 2001, is similar but not identical.
   4 Garmonsway, G.N., 1986, trans. and ed., The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Dent. The entry reads, ‘in this year (AD 766) a red cross appeared in the sky after sunset. This same year the Mercians and the Kentishmen fought at Otford; and strange adders were seen in Sussex’. The ninth-century land grants were made by King Coelwulf.
   5 Philp, B., 1973, Excavations in West Kent 1960-1970, KARU.
   6 Ibid. Philp considers that the cemetery, on a ridge in full view of Otford, served that settlement. The suggestion that it served instead several small hamlets or farmsteads is made in Clarke, D. and Stoyel, A., 1975, Otford in Kent, a History, Otford and District Historical Society.
   7 Gelling, M., 1967, ‘English Place-names derived from the compound wicham’, Medieval Archaeology, XI.


As part of a scheme to replace Victorian flooring and install new heating and lighting systems the Trust for Thanet Archaeology undertook observations, survey and limited excavations from August 2005 to April 2006 as work progressed. This work revealed evidence of two brick-built vaulted tombs (eighteenth-century) and details of the construction of the nave. A detailed report on the results of the work is in preparation.


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