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Archaeologia Cantiana - Vol. 127   2007 page 430

Researches and Discoveries in Kent

   The earliest evidence of settlement activity from the site was a series of large pits dating to the Late Iron Age, the largest probably a quarry. Another similar feature with material in the fill dating to the Early Roman period may have been cut during the Late Iron Age. One of the Late Iron Age features contained a considerable assemblage of residual Early Iron Age pottery. This feature was shaped like a typical grave cut although it contained no burial and it is possible that it was an Early Iron Age grave that was disturbed in the Late Iron Age.
   A second phase of activity dated to the Early Roman Period, and included a linear ditch aligned NE-SW across the site which correlates with a ditch identified by Hurd; a large pit, and postholes. The overlap in some of the dates suggests that there was continuous activity on the site from the Late Iron Age through to the Early Roman period.
   This site forms a small sample of more extensive settlement within the Dumpton Gap area.

Hurd, H., 1914, ‘Late Celtic Discoveries at Broadstairs’, Archaeologia Cantiana, XXX, 309-312.



An archaeological evaluation, <ME/99/0130> (KRS 04) was conducted on the site at Knight Road, Strood, in October 2004, by AOC Archaeology Group, on behalf of SMC Gower Architects, representing Wm. Morrison Property & Development. The site was centred on NGR 573530 168930 (Fig. 1). Out of the 12 evaluation trenches proposed by Kent County Council only seven trenches were investigated due to significant disturbance caused by reclamation of the land during the Victorian period and more recently as a result of the construction and demolition of modern industrial premises and the activities of bottle diggers. No archaeological features were present on site but the trenches did reveal sequences of alluvial and peat deposits and monolith tins were used to sample the sequence of deposits revealed in the trenches.
   The site lies within the modern floodplain of the northern bank of the Medway River above Holocene alluvium. The alluvium has survived in an area of erosion as in this area the river meanders close to the edge of the floodplain, which abuts against Pleistocene deposits of Head Brickearth.
   The lithostratigraphic sequence consisted of clays overlain by peats that were overlain by further clay deposits. The site has produced a relatively good pollen and diatom sequence and has been radiocarbon-dated from c.AD 230 to c. 690, covering the mid Roman to the early Middle Saxon

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