The earliest evidence of
settlement activity from the site was a series of large pits
dating to the Late Iron Age, the largest probably a quarry.
Another similar feature with material in the fill dating to the
Early Roman period may have been cut during the Late Iron Age.
One of the Late Iron Age features contained a considerable
assemblage of residual Early Iron Age pottery. This feature was
shaped like a typical grave cut although it contained no burial
and it is possible that it was an Early Iron Age grave that was
disturbed in the Late Iron Age.
A second phase of activity dated to the Early Roman
Period, and included a linear ditch aligned NE-SW across the
site which correlates with a ditch identified by Hurd; a large
pit, and postholes. The overlap in some of the dates suggests
that there was continuous activity on the site from the Late
Iron Age through to the Early Roman period.
This site forms a small sample of more extensive
settlement within the Dumpton Gap area.
Hurd, H., 1914, ‘Late Celtic Discoveries at Broadstairs’, Archaeologia
Cantiana, XXX, 309-312.
GEOARCHAEOLOGICAL RESULTS AT KNIGHT ROAD,
An archaeological evaluation,
<ME/99/0130> (KRS 04) was conducted on the site at Knight
Road, Strood, in October 2004, by AOC Archaeology Group, on
behalf of SMC Gower Architects, representing Wm. Morrison
Property & Development. The site was centred on NGR 573530
168930 (Fig. 1). Out of the 12 evaluation trenches
proposed by Kent County Council only seven trenches were
investigated due to significant disturbance caused by
reclamation of the land during the Victorian period and more
recently as a result of the construction and demolition of
modern industrial premises and the activities of bottle diggers.
No archaeological features were present on site but the trenches
did reveal sequences of alluvial and peat deposits and monolith
tins were used to sample the sequence of deposits revealed in
The site lies within the modern floodplain of the
northern bank of the Medway River above Holocene alluvium. The
alluvium has survived in an area of erosion as in this area the
river meanders close to the edge of the floodplain, which abuts
against Pleistocene deposits of Head Brickearth.
The lithostratigraphic sequence consisted of clays
overlain by peats that were overlain by further clay deposits.
The site has produced a relatively good pollen and diatom
sequence and has been radiocarbon-dated from c.AD 230 to c.
690, covering the mid Roman to the early Middle Saxon