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Archaeologia Cantiana - Vol. 126   2006 page 391

Researches and Discoveries

15  Personal communication from Commander Page. The ‘shallow water tide’ is the distortion of the
      oceanic tide due to the influence of terrestrial conditions (such as bottom friction) associated
      with shallow water in the continental shelf margins. Commander Page advises that there is a
      thoroughly comprehensive explanation of the ‘shallow water tide’ given in the Admiralty
      Manual of Tides
(NP 120).
16  Personal communication from Commander Page.
17  Seán McGrail, 1987, Ancient Boats in N. W. Europe: The Archaeology of Water Transport to
      AD 1500
(London and New York), 266.
18  A quartering wind is one blowing some 45º one side or the other of directly astern.

 

EXCAVATIONS AT THE ANGLO-SAXON CEMETERY SITE
 AT GUILTON MILL, ASH-NEXT-SANDWICH

In connection with plans for the construction of a substantial new extension to Guilton Mill (now a private residence), the Dover Archaeological Group was invited to undertake excavations in the garden, ahead of the building work. The site was of particular archaeological interest as it lay within the area of the well-known early Anglo-Saxon cemetery (Faussett 1856; Meaney 1964, 121-2), now scheduled as an Ancient Monument (Kent No. 161). The site lies at the top of a south-east facing slope, overlooking the valley of the Durlock Stream, at an elevation of about 23m above OD. NGR TR 2816 5818 (see Hone 1987, fig. 16 for a location map). The natural subsoil here consists of Thanet Beds sand, which in this area has been dug for building material since at least the eighteenth century. The archaeological work was undertaken in extreme summer heat over a five-day period during July and August 2003 (Parfitt 2003). Thanks are due to the owners, Mr and Mrs Kaushal, for allowing access and providing essential refreshments.
   Examination indicated that there had previously been extensive terracing of the area to be built across, when the surface of the natural subsoil had been lowered by between 0.10 and 0.15m. This was perhaps connected with the construction of a rear extension to the mill in the 1970s. Indeed, an Anglo-Saxon grave containing beads and an unusual disc brooch had been previously recorded very close to the present area during the building of a porch on the south side of the mill in 1973 (Avent 1975, Corpus no. 192; plate 78). The area investigated in 2003 was L-shaped in plan and lay immediately to the south and west of the extant building. Its maximum dimensions were 13.80m (N-S) by 7.20 m (E-W). Of this area, a portion on the west side, measuring 9.30m (N-S) by 4.00m (E-W) was excavated under controlled archaeological conditions, the remainder being inspected during a subsequent watching-brief of the building work.
   In addition to several modern pits and service trenches, the work

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