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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 7  1868  page 319


Thus at least one-third of the adult males buried at Sarr were sword-bearing warriors; and this fact must, I think, lead to a reconsideration of the various opinions that Saxon thegns, or the "viri electi," or the borsholders or tything-men were alone armed with this weapon. The "Capitularies" of Charlemagne seem to indicate that amongst the Frankish nations cavalry only then bore the sword.1 This probably applied to those Continental tribes who were armed with the francesca, or axe, as well as the spear, a weapon certainly not in general use at the period of these interments, though introduced at a later period amongst the Anglo-Saxons, if we are to consider the Bayeux Tapestry as reliable historical authority.
   One axe only was found at Sarr, and that probably not a battle-axe.
   An angon, one of the weapons of the Franks, a long, barbed iron spear, with iron shank, forty-five inches in length, was found in a Sarr grave (Plate XIV.). It is almost a solitary example from any ancient English  

interment. Mr Akerman has given an interesting account of this weapon (‘Archaeologia,’ vol. xxxvi. p. 78), and Mr. Wylie also (Id. vol. xxxv. p. 48).
   Amongst the glass vessels are the beautiful example from grave IV., with slender arched ornaments terminating in drops round its base, and the two "pillared" glass vessels from graves LX. and CLXVIII., almost the only specimens preserved entire in England. I have no doubt that these glasses were manufactured as sepulchral relics. Their "tear-drop" ornament, as it is sometimes called, is curiously illustrated by a similar

1 The footmen of the Celtic tribes were armed with swords. M. Froyon, on the authority of Mr. Akerman, discovered iron swords in Switzerland, with the remains of the Celtic period. Amongst the Teutonic tribes, swords of iron might be confined to the aristocratic orders, and yet be considered too valuable or too useful to be buried with other relics in the grave. Spear-heads, knives, and keys could probably be hammered out by any village smith; but not so, the sword.

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