No. CLXVII.—An iron buckle, a spear-head, and a knife.
No. CLXVIII.—A buckle and some pieces of iron. At the left foot a black
earthen jug like that found in No. CLVII., and near it a glass vessel of the
pillared or tear-drop pattern (claw beaker), and in perfect preservation, very like that
from No. LX.,. but with a less spreading mouth (Plate V., Fig. 1).
These two glass vessels correspond
country, we very often find a small knife, an awl,
pincers, and a couple of other bronze articles, such as a ring or hair-pin,
or double button, etc., and I believe that the general idea is correct, that
these urns contain the remains of females; the knife, the awl, and the tweezers
being the deceased lady’s sewing apparatus. We must also remember that
we have here in Germany many specimens of sewing in leather and skin with
narrow slips or threads of skin (see, for instance, Worsaae’s ‘Nordiske
Oldsyer,’ Figs. 162, 163), and that garments of skin must be supposed to
be general in a very early period. But, as you know, garments have often
been found of a simple woven woollen stuff, sewn with woollen thread, but
such woollen garments have apparently been much less used and more costly
than skin garments. If we now come to the objects spoken of, we shall see
that such bronze things as a knife, an awl, and
were quite needful for sewing in skin or leather. The knife was used for
cutting out and for slicing off the narrow thongs or threads of skin,
the awl for boring holes, and the pincers for catching the leathern
thread and drawing it through the holes.
"These things could not be employed for sewing woollen clothing;
for these things needles were excellent, while the latter again would
not suit for leather. The proportion of awls and needles in the Museum
will therefore be a good guide as to the proportion of these skin and
woollen garments in the Bronze period.
"Of course these awls, which are from five inches to one inch long,
were often used in daily life for other purposes than sewing. So also
the tweezers must sometimes have been employed, among other ways, as
surgical instruments, as was clearly the case with one found in 1845 in
a set of instruments, which must have belonged to a man, half a doctor
and half a wizard.
"Hoping that you will find these observations satisfactory,
"I remain, very truly yours,
"Copenhagen, July 3, 1864. "C. F. HERBST."
In the ‘Horae Ferales’ of the Honble. C. Neville it is stated that
as many as sixteen pairs of tweezers were found at Little Wilbraham, in
urns, with flippers, spears, and knives. Here, too, the funereal
practices resemble those of the Northmen described by M. Herbst