BALDOCK see TAYLOR
287. North Chapel. Large Baroque Monument Reaching from Floor to Ceiling,
On a scale more fitting for Westminster Abbey! Probably by John Nost.
Central Pedestal, surmounted by an Urn,Drapes held up by two Putti. Sir
stands on the left , bewigged in a semi Roman costume, a pensive Lady
him, and son, Caleb lying between them, propped up on a cushion, also
bewigged and in
THE BANKS MONUMENT IN THE NORTH CHAPEL, 1700
HINC FELICEM EXPECTANT RESURRECTIOREM
JOHANNES BANKS DE AYLESFORD IN COMITATU CANTII BARONETT
UXOR ETIAM EJUS ELIZABETHA, JOHANNIS DETHICK MILITIS
COMITATU NORFOLCIAE OBIN PRAETORIS LONDINENSIS FILIA
NECON FILIUS UTRIUS QUE COMMUNIS CALEB BANKS
MARITUS QUIDEM SED LIBERIS ORBATUS
HIC PRAETEREA NATI SUNT LIBERI QUATUAR
MARTHA,ELIZABETHA ET MARIAM, MARTHA ET JOHANNES EXTINCTUS
QUORUM ALTERA NEMPE ELIZABETHA NUPTA FUIT
HENEAGIO FINCH, HENEAGII COMITIS NOTTINGHAMIAE
SUMUA ANGLIAE CONCELARII FILIO NATU SECUNDO
AUS PICIIS SERENISSIMAE REGINAE ANNAE BARONI DE GERNSEY
MARIA VERO JOHANI SAVILL, JOHANNIS DE METHLEY
IN COMITATU EBORACENSI ARMIGERI FILIO PRIMOGENITO
CALEB BANKS SEPBRIS 13 ANO 1696 AETATIS 37
ELIZABETHA OCTBRIS 21 ANO 1696 AETATUS 59
JOHANNES OCTBRIS 18 ANO 1699 AETATIS 72
Sir John Banks, Baronet, died 1699, born in Maidstone 1627, the son
of a prosperous Woollen Draper and former Mayor, he was a Merchant and
Financier, he was also a Member of Parliament.
1644 He entered Emmanuel College, Cambridge.
1652 Was part of a business supplying the Navy. This activity
brought him into contact with Samuel Pepys, who became a friend.
1654 Married Elizabeth Dethick, daughter of John Dethick, a wealthy London
Merchant, who was Lord Mayor in 1655, and knighted by Cromwell in 1656.
Soon after, Banks became involved in the East India Company and the Levant
1654 – 59 M. P. for Maidstone
1662 Made a Baronet by Charles 11
In the 1660's Banks prospered supplying the Navy,
particularly during the Anglo – Dutch wars.
1668 Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society
1669 Became a Director of the East India Company, and was
Governor of the Company in 1672 – 4, and in 1683. He was also involved
in the Royal African Company, of which he was a deputy Governor in 1674
1670's bought a large, new house in Lincoln's Inn Fields, and
carried out much rebuilding on Aylesford Friary, which he had bought
1679 – 1690 M. P. for Rochester
1690 – 1694 M. P. for Queenborough
1695 – 1698 M. P. for Maidstone.
Banks seemed very skilled at smoothly adjusting to changing
political fortunes, from Republic to Restoration and the changes after the
Glorious Revolution of 1688, lending money regardless of political colour.
His income during the latter part of his life was about
£5,000 per annum; his estate was worth about £180,000. He was the first
and last Baronet. Most of his wealth passed to daughter Elizabeth and her
husband Heneage Finch, who became the first Earl of Aylesford in 1714.
Sir John Banks long P.C.C. Will is dated 22nd November 1697
There is an Indenture, dated 22nd June 1680, between John Banks of the 1st
part, Henry Thornhill of the 2nd part, John Knatchbull and Edward Rudge of
the 3rd part, concerning his real and personal estate, the Rectory and
Parsonage of Northfleet, the glebeland, houses, barns, buildings and
tithes of the said Rectory, purchased from Sir John Sydley of St. Cleere,
this property to his cousin John Banks for life.
His Mansion in Aylesford (Friars) and lands called Great
Buckland, North Buckland, and properties in Westbere in Maidstone,
Hartlip, Burham. Bredhurst, Mears Court, and properties in Aylesford,
Ditton, Newhithe, Burham, Maidstone, Boxley, Detling, Bearsted, Rainham,
Bredhurst, Borden, Newington, Bobbing, Milton , Rodmersham, Kingsdown,
Milsted, Newenden, Hunton, Linton, Farleigh, Marden, Headcorn, , and 2
houses called Homeplace and Ouldhouse, with land in Minster and Borough of
Ossenden in Kent, houses and land in Iwade, and other land and property on
the Isle of Sheppey; including those held on lease from the Hospital of
St. Katherine; also the Advowson of the Rectory of Ditton and fee farm
rents, all this to daughter Elizabeth and her husband Heneage Finch, for
ever; in default of heirs, then to to his daughter Mary and her husband
John Savile, in default of heirs, to his "own right heirs".
If Elizabeth dies in Banks lifetime, above to Heneage Finch,
for life, after Finch dies to Elizabeth's children in specified order. If
Mary dies as above, then legacy passes in same manner.
The Fleet and Fishery at Newenden, held on lease from the
Crown, to daughter and son in law Elizabeth and John, also leaseholds held
of Dean and Chapter of Rochester, at Marden. Out of latter an annuities of
£300 to daughter Elizabeth,
and £100 to cousin John Banks, £10 to cousin Mary Hunt, to cousin
Elizabeth Bishopp, £10 to cousin Stephen Grigby, £10 to cousin Thomas
Grigby, £10 to Samuel Read, £10 to Rebecca Mee.
His house in Lincoln s Inn Fields, and properties in the Isle
of Thanet, in New and Old Romney, Lydd and elsewhere in Romney Marsh; his
farm rents in Essex, Stafford and Derby to the Saviles, same terms as
Live and dead stock to the Finches and Saviles.
Personal estate, in Aylesford house to the Finches, in
Lincolns Inn Fields to the Saviles.
East India stock, silver plate, money, debts shared equally
between Finches and Saviles.
Property in Hinxhill, former inheritance of uncle John Banks,
father of cousin John, to the Finches and Saviles, equally.
His executors are to build 6 houses near his mansion in
Maidstone for 6 poor parishioners of Maidstone. Each to have ground room
with chimney, and a "little buttery", and one upper room with
chimney, also a small individual plot behind each house. The cost from
personal estate; also £60 per annum towards maintenance of the poor
people and repairs, equally dived among the 6. Residents who are not
"orderly and sober" can be removed; the Saviles are to make
rules and give preference to his former servants.
Lands in Isle of Thanet, leased from Dean and Chapter of
Canterbury, and from Queen's College, Cambridge,to cousins, John Rudge and
Samuel Read, in trust, rents to be distributed as Mary Savile directs. If
Mary dies in Banks lifetime then to John Savile, for life; after he dies
to his 1st son to reach 21 years, if no son then to daughter.
Desires to be buried at Aylesford, with wife, son and other
children. If he does not make vault in his lifetime in chancel, where wife
and son are buried, executors to make one on same ground and lay him with
his wife and children, and repair that end of chancel, if needed for the
security of the vault. Executors to put up monument, cost not to exceed
To his sister -------- ? £50. To late servant, James
Sherbourne and to each servant in family at time of his death, £50.
£50 to put out apprentice 6 poor children living in
Aylesford. £40 paid to Mayor of Maidstone to distribute to poor of the
The Manor of Rushenden and land near Queenborough, on lease
from St. Katherine's Hospital, to the Finches, they to keep lease going
for their eldest son, then to his male issue.
Land and property in Bonnington near Romney Marsh to the
Saviles, same condition as above.
Land in Isle of Sheppey called South Marsh to the Finches.
Finches and Saviles are joint executors.
Witnesses: Richard Hoare, John Lily and Henry Hoare
Codicil dated 7th October 1699
To the Finches Manor of Wormseale? in parishes of Bobbing and Newington,
purchased from Henry Eve, and land in Maidstone, purchased from Thomas
To the Saviles all land in Romney Marsh near Lydd, purchased
from -------- Lee.
Witnesses: John Rudge, James Sherbourne and Martin Tomkins
Proved 11th December 1699
288. South Wall of Tower, Classical Marble Tablet , Weeping Willow, Crest,
made by Thomas Assiter
of Maidstone (Recently fallen and broken into pieces, hopefully awaiting restoration)
from Transcriber's old notes).
TO THE MEMORY OF
ELIZABETH WIFE OF WILLIAM BOWLES, ESQ.
OF FITZ HARRIS HOUSE
DAUGHTER OF JOHN AND ROSAMOND SPONG
LATE OF MILL HALL IN THIS PARISH
WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE 12th OF JANUARY 1814 AGED 22
ALSO MARY THEIR DAUGHTER
WHO DIED 9th OCT. 1813 AGED 7 WEEKS AND 3 DAYS
289. South Wall of Nave, near Pulpit, Brass Plaque (See Churchyard, Section
IN MEMORY OF
HENRY ARTHUR BRASSEY
OF PRESTON HALL
WHO RESTORED THIS CHURCH IN 1878
AND THE TOWER AND BELLS IN 1885
BORN 1840 DIED 1891
ALSO OF HIS WIFE
ANNA HARRIET BRASSEY
BORN 1845 DIED 1898
CHAN see RYCAUT
CHARLES II see RYCAUT
290. Between Chancel and North Chapel, Chest Tomb, Two reclining
figures,figures of children on both side,
SIR THOMAS COLEPEPPER, DIED 1604, AND LADY MARY COLEPEPPER
NORTH SIDE OF THE COLEPEPPER TOMB
HERE LYETH INTOMBED SIR THOMAS COLEPEPPER KNIGHT
BY BLOODE AND DESCENTE DESCENDED OF MANY WORTHYE
ANCESTORS IN HIS LIFETIME FOR HIS WORTH AND DESARTE
BELOVED OF ALL MEN AND IN HIS DEATH AS MUCH LAMENTED &
BEMOANED HE HAD BY DAME MARIE HIS ONLY WIFE AT THE TIME
OF HIS DECEASE THREE SONNES AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHICH
DAME MARIE TO PERFORM HER LAST DUTY IN REMEMBRANCE
OF HER FAITHFUL LOVE TO HER DECEASED HUSBAND AT
HER OWNE COST ERECTED THIS GRATEFUL MONUMENTE
UNDER WHICH HE RESTETH AND BY HIS LIVELY FAITHE
HOPETH A JOYFUL RESURRECTION HE DIED THE 12th OF OCTOBER 1604
Thomas Colepepper, Esq., later Sir, of Preston
Hall. P.C.C. Will dated December 1600
One third of his property in Aylesford, Ditton, East Malling,
St. Marie's and Headcorn, and elsewhere in Kent, to eldest son William,
Half of the remaining two thirds to his cousin John Tufton,
Esq., and Thomas Penister, Esq., his brother in law, during his wife's
life, upon trust. The other half to John Tufton and Thomas Peniston, until
son William is 21 years. They also to have William's third until he is 21.
After William is 21 and after death of his wife, the two thirds to son
William and his male heirs, in default of male heirs, to 2nd son Thomas,
in default as above, to 3rd son Richard, as above, in default of male
heirs, to his own right heirs for ever.
Thomas Chamberlain of Gray's Inn, Esq., should convey to John
Tufton and Thomas Penister, all his property in Morton Pinkney in
Northamptonshire, which he has contracted for with Thomas Chamberlain.
To daughters Mary and Frances £800 each at 18 years; to sons
Thomas and Richard £800 each at 21 years.
If either or both daughters died before 18, their share to
sons. If the two sons died before 21, then to son William.
If his wife is with child at his death, then that child has [
Wife Mary, John Tufton and Thomas Peniston are executors.
Since making his will, his state has altered. He gives full
power to surviving executors to sell his land in Morton Pinkney, and as
much of the third conveyed to executors as is sufficient to pay his debts
Witnesses: John Marsh, William Godwin, William Watton, mark
of John Jenner, and mark of Edward Hall
Proved 7th November 1604
291. Floor of North Chapel, Close to above. Two brass figures, a Knight in
armour and his Lady.
Several brass Crests
HIC JACET JOHES COSINGTON QUI OBIIT SECUNDO DIED MENSIS APRILIS ANNO
MILLIMO CCCCXXVI ET SARRA UXOR EJUS QUORUM ANIMABUS PROPITIETUR DEUS AMEN
292. Brass formerly by Colepepper Tomb (from Thorpe's Registrum
HERE LYETH THE BODIE OF
HENRY CRISPE FOURTH SON OF
SIR HENRY CRISPE, KNIGHT
HE HAD TO WIFE ANN YE DAUGHTER OF
THOMAS CULLPEPER OF AYLESFORD, ESQ.
HAD ISSUE FYVE SONNES AND ONE DAUGHTER
HE DIED SECOND OF DECEMBER 1594
CULLPEPER see CRISPE
DETHICK see BANKS
DUKE see FINCH
DYKE see MILNER
293. West Wall of Tower, Black and White Classical Tablet
IN THE YEAR 1794 WERE BURIED NEAR THIS
MONUMENT SUSANNAH REBECCA
& JOHN EVELEIGH
ALSO IN 1795, JOHN, IN 1800, JAMES, IN 1803
THOMAS & WILLIAM GEORGE, IN 1805 SUSANNAH
AND IN THE YEAR 1815 WHEN THE VAULT WAS MADE,
CHARLOTTE GEORGINA CHILDREN OF THE REV.
WILLIAM & SUSANNAH EVELEIGH
IN THE YEAR 1830 THE REMAINS OF THE
REV. WILLIAM EVELEIGH LL.B
WERE DEPOSITED IN THE SAME VAULT
HE DEPARTED THIS LIFE THE 29th OF OCTOBER
IN THE 74th YEAR OF HIS AGE HAVING BEEN
38 YEARS VICAR OF THIS PARISH
ALSO IN 1834 WERE DEPOSITED THE REMAINS
OF SUSANNAH EVELEIGH
SHE DEPARTED THIS LIFE 19th OF FEBY.
IN THE 69th YEAR OF HER AGE
Rev. William Eveleigh. P.C.C. Will dated 12th
Executor to be paid any money in the bank. If not sufficient
for funeral and debts, then money can come from his investments in the new
4% annuities. To his wife redeemed? Land Tax of the Vicarage of Aylesford,
and interest and produce of funded and other property, for her life, if
she does not marry again; with power to give £4,000, part of the 3%
Consoles to his daughters.
To wife effects in his houses for life, except farming
utensils, horses and live stock, hop poles and ploughs on the estate, he
bought of Mrs Elizabeth Barton of Lamberhurst.
To eldest son Rev. John Eveleigh, and his heirs, upon
condition that he and they permit his wife to have exclusive use of his
dwelling house, stable , coach house and home meadow, about 12 acres, for
To son John, £500 he had borrowed, but not the interest, if
any, to his three youngest children, James, Susannah, Jane and William
After his wife's death or remarriage, the whole of the funded
property in his name, and all personal estate, except the £4,000, at his
wife's disposal, to them in equal shares. His property in the 3½% stock
belongs to John Wyndham, Benjamin Winthrop, Martha Winthrop and Fanny
Wife executor, as long as she does not remarry, if she does
remarry, sons Rev. John and Rev. James Eveleigh executors in her stead.
Witnesses: Robert Rogers, Richard Cossom and Taylor Cossom
Codicil dated 23rd February 1830
Before any division of his funded property, to son John, after his
mother's death, £5,000, 3% stock.
Affidavit 20th November 1830
Robert Rogers of Prince's? Hall City of London, Gentleman and Thomas
Jennings Foord of same place, Gentleman, sworn. They knew and were well
acquainted with Rev. Eveleigh, were familiar with his handwriting and have
frequently seen him write. They examined the codicil and affirm it is by
Proved 25th November 1830 Administration granted to Widow
during her widowhood.
Note in margin 24th March 1834. Widow has died;
administration to 2 sons.
294. North Wall of Nave, Wooden Tablet
FREDERICK JOHN EVERETT
HONORARY CANON AND RURAL DEAN
WAS FROM 1915 TO 1941 THE FAITHFUL
VICAR OF AYLESFORD
THE PARISHIONERS AND OTHER BY WHOM HE WAS
SO GREATLY LOVED HAVE INSTALLED IN THIS CHURCH A
MECHANICAL ORGAN BLOWER TO COMMEMORATE
HIS DEVOTED MINISTRATION IN THE SERVICE OF GOD
295. East Wall of North Chapel, Marble Tablet
NEAR THIS PLACE
LYETH THE BODY OF
SR. ROBT. FAUNCE, KNT.
WHO HAD THREE WIVES
BY WHOM HE HAD 4 SONS
AND 4 DAUGHTERS
SR. ROBERT FAUNCE, KNT.
WAS BURIED FEBRUARY 16th 1715
Sir Robert Faunce, died 1715 (16). P.C.C. Will
dated 20th December 1713
To eldest son George, for ever, properties and lands in St.
Nicholas, Rochester, Cliffe, Frindsbury, Newchurch, Stoke, St.
Mary's,Allhallows and Higham. George to pay annuity of £35 to his sister
To son Duke, properties in Aylesford and Boxley; he to pay
sister Margaret annuity of £35.
To minister of church where he is buried, 10/- per annum, to
read prayers each St. Swithin's Day, also 10s per annum for the poor of
the parish. The money out of his property in Aylesford, occupied by Thomas
To son Robert £500 out of and part of Bond, in which he is
obliged to his father; also a gold agate ring which was his uncle Boyses;
and his silver "ratling bold"?; plus ½ of his right title and
interest in £200 in the Bank of England. Son George to pay this to
To sons Robert, Duke and George; and son-in-law Mr Thomas
Newland and Mary, his wife; and to daughters Elizabeth and Margaret; and
son in law Mr Robert Cart, ; and all grandchildren, a gold guinea to buy a
Residue to son George, who is executor.
Witnesses: Robert Morris, Christopher Fullagar and Samuel
Proved 14th May 1716
296. North Chapel floor by Colepepper Tomb, Rectangular Black Marble
HERE LIETH THOMAS FINCH ONLY SONN OF
ANTHONY FINCH OF COPTREE, GENT. BY
ANN HIS WIFE DAUGHT. OF THOMAS DUKE OF
COSINGTON ESQ. HEE DIED 29th OF AUG.
297. Base of Brass Eagle Lectern
IN MEMORY OF THE HON. GEORGINA FINCH AGED 21 YEARS APRIL 12th 1874
FINCH see BANKS
FOWLE see WARD
GOODMAN see WARD
JAMES II see RYCAUT
KUPRIOGLY, VIZIER see RYCAUT
298. North Wall of Tower, Double Gothic Arch, Red Marble Columns
EDWARD GARRET MARSH M.A.
FORMERLY FELLOW AND TUTOR OF
ORIEL COLLEGE, OXFORD
CANON OF SOUTHWELL AND FOR 21 YEARS
VICAR OF THIS PARISH
BORN AT SALISBURY FEBY. 8Th 1783
AND DIED AT AYLESFORD SEPTEMBER 20th 1862
"I know in Whom I have Believed"
2 Timothy 1 42
LYDIA MARSH HIS WIFE
BORN AT PORTSEA JANUARY 17th 1788
DIED AYLESFORD DEC. 1st 1859
"Of a Meek and Quiet Spirit, which is, in
The Sight of God, of Great Price"
1 Peter 111 4
THOMAS HENRY MARSH
(OF LINCOLNS INN)
BARRISTER AT LAW THEIR THIRD SON
BORN AT HAMPSTEAD MAY 31st 1824
DIED AT AYLESFORD MARCH 14th 1852
"Blessed are the Pure in Heart for
They shall see God"
JOSEPH SAMUEL MARSH
THEIR YOUNGEST SON
BORN AT HAMPSTEAD JANUARY 22nd 1826
DIED AT AYLESFORD JANUARY 17th 1847
"Surely I come
Amen, even so, Come Lord
"In Hope of Eternal Life, which God, who cannot lie, Promised
before the World Began"
299. North Wall, North Chapel, Classical Tablet
ARE INTERRED THE REMAINS OF
THE REVEREND JOSEPH MILNER D.D.
OF PRESTON HALL IN THIS PARISH
WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE
JULY THE 26th 1784
AGED 54 YEARS
ALSO ARE INTERRED THE REMAINS OF SARAH HIS WIFE
SHE DIED SEPTEMBER THE 27th 1803
AGED 72 YEARS
Rev. Joseph Milner, died 1784. P.C.C. Will dated
25th March 1784
(Milner was formerly Joseph Butler, he changed his name to
Milner, in order to inherit the Preston Hall estate, which had come to the
Milners through marriage with the Colepeper's heiress.)
Property, farm and lands in Horsforth in Guisley, Yorkshire,
occupied by William Hague; property in Bradford,occupied by Joseph
Priestly, subject to the estate for life of his uncle, Mr Benjamin Butler;
lands in Horton Lane in Bradford, once occupied by Thomas Hardcastle, now
occupied by Priestly, to his children, in default of children, to niece
Mary Cotton, for ever, this in lieu of money which he saved for her out of
an allowance ordered by the Court of Chancery, for the maintenance of her
All his freeholds and leaseholds which wife, Sarah possessed
before their marriage, conveyed to him before marriage, to wife Sarah, for
life, after her death, to their children, in default of children, to
Sarah, for ever.
His property in Kent to his children, in default, to sister
Mary Cotton, during her and his wife's life. An annuity of £50 from his
Kent property, to wife Sarah, for life; after her death, to sister Mary
Cotton, for life; after her death, to Rev. Samuel Denne of Wilmington for
term of 500 years; after to heirs of nephew,Charles Cotton, in default, to
heirs of Mary Cotton, in default, then to Rev. Samuel Denne and heirs,
If niece Mary Cotton lives to 21 or is married, or after
death of his wife and sister, then by sale or mortgage, £4,000 to be
raised from his property to pay to niece Mary at 21 or day of marriage.
Interest for maintenance and education of niece Mary.
Executor can fell timber if it is ready to repair properties
and fencing, etc., no timber which can improve can be felled.
Wife to have plate, linen, china books, pictures, household
goods and furniture for life. After her death, to his nephew Charles
Cotton. Executor to make inventory, copy to Charles. To poor of Aylesford
£20, poor of Ditton £10, poor of Burham £10.
Residue of money , etc., to any children he may leave.
Interest to their maintenance and education. If all died under 21,or
unmarried, the residue as follows, sister Mary Cotton, £100, niece Mary
Cotton, £100, uncle Rev. Butler, £100, wife's sister, Mrs Elizabeth
Belcher £50, godson Nathaniel John Luck ? £50
Residue and interest to wife Sarah, who is executor.
Witnesses: Charlotte Belcher, Eliza Thomson and A. H. Dyne
Proved 28th August 1784
Sarah Milner, died 1803 P.C.C. Will dated 20th October 1791
Wishes to be buried near her husband in Aylesford church.
To late servant, Elizabeth Keeble, £20. Executor is not to
put servants in mourning. To cousin Mrs Frances Champneys £50, friend
Rev. Samuel Denne £50, cousin Miss Harriet Burt £20, late husband's
niece Mary Atkinson 2 guineas "to buy a ring to wear in remembrance
To Mary Atkinson £600, late husband's nephew, Charles Milner
Esq., £1,000 to be paid 6 months after death of sister Elizabeth Belcher.
All money, debts, goods and personal estate to Elizabeth
Belcher. All her properties (charged with the legacies of £600 and
£1,000), to Elizabeth Belcher, for ever, she is also executor.
Witnesses: Sophia Holworthy, John Teesbrook and A. H. Dyne
To Elizabeth Belcher 4 silver candlesticks and 4 dozen, 4 pronged silver,
spoon handled forks, bought with her own money.
Executor to give William Hickhurst, Mary Mauder and Elizabeth Hinear, £10
each in lieu of mourning, if in her service at time of her death; all
other servants £5 each in lieu of mourning.
Proved 8th June 180
300. South Tower Wall, Classical Tablet
TO THE MEMORY OF
CHARLES MILNER ESQ.
OF PRESTON HALL IN THIS PARISH
WHO DIED JAN. 7th 1836 AGED 72 YEARS
AND OF HARRIET HIS WIFE
THIRD DAUGHTER OF
SIR JOHN DIXON DYKE, BART.
OF LULLINGSTONE CASTLE IN THIS COUNTY
WHO DIED AUGUST 1808
THEY HAD ISSUE
BORN DECEMBER 6th 1792 DIED JUNE 27th 1793
BORN AUGUST 10th 1796 DIED SEPTEMBER 6th 1796
BORN MARCH 13th 1799 DIED JUNE 5th 1836
BORN SEPTEMBER 19th 1800 DIED MAY 31st 1802
BORN SEPTEMBER 16th 1801 DIED SEPTEMBER 19th 1844
BORN FEBRUARY 4th 1804 DIED OCTOBER 6th 1846
BORN JULY 2nd 1802 DIED JANUARY 28th 1843
HENRY ROBERT A LIEUTENANT GENERAL IN HER MAJESTY'S 94th REGIMENT
LAST SURVIVOR OF HIS FAMILY
HAS ERECTED THIS MONUMENT AS A TRIBUTE
OF AFFECTION TO THEIR MEMORY
301. Plain Classical Tablet Below Above
THIS TABLET IS ERECTED TO THE MEMORY OF
HENRY ROBERT MILNER MAJOR GENERAL IN THE ARMY
AND FORMERLY LIEUTENANT COLONEL OF HER MAJESTY'S 94th REGIMENT
HE WAS THE YOUNGEST AND LAST SURVIVING SON OF THE LATE CHARLES MILNER ESQ.
OF PRESTON HALL IN THIS PARISH BY HARRIET HIS WIFE
THE YOUNGEST DAUGHTER OF THE LATE SIR JOHN DIXON DYKE, BART.
OF LULLINGSTONE CASTLE IN THIS COUNTY
HE WAS BORN AT PRESTON HALL ON THE 29th DAY OF JANUARY 1805
AND DIED AT PLYMOUTH ON THE 14th DAY OF JANUARY 1855
IN THE 50th YEAR OF HIS AGE
MAJOR GENERAL MILNER ENTERED THE ARMY ON THE 7th OF FEBRUARY 1822
HE JOINED THE 94th REGIMENT IN 1828 AND FROM THAT PERIOD
SERVED UNINTERRUPTEDLY WITH IT IN THE MEDITERRANEAN
CEYLON AND EAST INDIES
UNTIL THE RETURN OF THE REGIMENT FROM MADRAS IN JUNE 1854
HE COMMANDED THE REGIMENT FOR 14 YEARS
AND WAS EMPLOYED ON THE STAFF OF THE MADRAS ARMY FOR 5 YEARS
AS BRIGADIER COMMANDING AT ADEN, CANNANORE AND BANGALORE
HIS BROTHER OFFICERS TESTIFY TO THE MANY ESTIMABLE QUALITIES
OF THEIR LATE COMMANDING OFFICER AND FRIEND BY UNITING WITH HIS RELATIVES
IN DEDICATING THIS TABLET TO HIS MEMORY
Henry Milner, Soldier, died 1855 P.C.C. Will
dated 19th August 1848
John Dyke, Esq., of Sittingbourne , Rev. Lambert Blackwell
Larking, Vicar of Ryarsh, executors. Officer in Command of his Regiment at
time of his death, executor in India.
To executors at home, all his estate, on trust, to sell and
invest, after funeral costs, etc., in Government Stocks for nephew,
-------- Peterson, only son of late sister Caroline, until he is 21.
Interest for his maintenance and education.
The advowson of the parish church of Burham and all other real estate to
John Dyke and Francis Hart Dyke of Doctors Common, London, upon trust for
nephew. They to receive his rents for nephew's maintenance and education.
Witnesses: H. Sykes, Lieut. 94th Regiment and William Gilham,
Preston Hall, Aylesford
Codicil dated 14th January 1855
Now a Major General at Plymouth. Within 6 months of his death, executors
to pay cousins, Laura Phelps, wife of Rev. Thomas Phelps and Philadelphia
Mackenzie wife of Rev. James Mackenzie £500, for their benefit and not
To "trusty servant" William Gilham £50; to
Thomasine Saunders and Eliza Tallin, his nurses during his sickness, £5
each. Rest of will confirmed
Witnesses: H. H. Fiske, Captain H.M. South Devon Militia and
John Hale Fudge, Surgeon, Plymouth
Proved 12th February 1855
ROBSON see SEDLEY
302. North Wall of Tower, Classical Pedimented Tablet with Columns and Crest
HERE LIETH YE BODY OF SR. PAUL RYCAUT KT. YE
TENTH & YOUNGEST SON OF SR. PETER RYCAUT BY
DAME MARY HIS WIFE WITHOUT YE INTERPOSITION OF A
DAUGHTER WHO AFTER MANY YEARS TRAVELL IN FORREIGN
PARTS IN ASIA, AFFRICA AND EUROPE & AFTER SEVERALL
PUBLICQUE OFFICES PERFORMED BY HIM AS SECRETARY
TO YE EARL OF WINCHELSEA, AMBASSADOE EXTRAORDIN
NARY FROM KING CHARLES YE SECOND TO SULTAN
MAHOMET CHAN YE 4th IN WCH. & IN 2 VOYAGES
FROM CONSTANTINOPLE TO LONDON & BACK AGAIN
ONE OF WCH. WAS PERFORMED BY LAND THRO HUNGARY
& WHERE HE REMAINED SOMETIME IN YE TURKISH CAMP
WITH YE GREAT AND FAMOUS VIZIER KUPRIOGLY FOR
PUBLICK AFFAIRS OF YE ENGLISH NATION IN WCH. HE PASSED
SEVEN YEARS AFTER WCH. HE WAS MADE CONSUL FOR YE
ENGLISH NATION AT SMYRNA WHERE BEING EXERCISED
THAT OFFICE YE SPACE OF ABOUT ELEVEN YEARS TO THE
GREAT AND INTIRE SATISFACTION OF THE TURKEY COMPANY
HE OBTAINED A LICENSE AT HIS OWN MOTION AND DESIRE
TO RETURN TO ENGLAND WHERE HAVING LIVED YE SPACE
OF SEVEN YEARS IN HONOUR & GOOD ESTEEM AS ALSO
IN PEACE & PLENTY HE WAS IN YE REIGN OF KING
JAMES YE SECOND CALLED BY YE EARL OF CLARENDON
LORD LIEUTENANT OF IRELAND TO BE HIS PRINCIPAL
SECRETARY FOR YE PROVINCE OF LEMSTER & CONNAUGHT
ALSO BY YE SAID KING JAMES TO BE ONE OF HIS PRIVY
COUNCIL OF IRELAND & JUDGE OF YE HIGH COURT
OD ADMIRALTY IN WHICH HE REMAINED UNTIL YE GREAT
REVOLUTION IN ENGLAND AND IRELAND AT WCH. TIME
HE WAS EMPLOYED BY KING WILLIAM YE THIRD IN QUALITY
OF HIS RESIDENT WITH YE HANS TOWNS
IN YE LOWER SAXONY NAMELY HAMBURG, LUBECK & BREMEN
WHERE BEING CONTINUED YE
SPACE OF MORE THAN TEN
YEARS TO YE SATISFACTION OF ALL THAT KNEW HIM AS WELL
TO THE SENATORS OF THOSE REPUBLICS AS ALSO TO YE GOVE-
RMENTS THEREOF & TO YE COMPANY OF ENGLISH MERCHANTS
RESIDING THERE & HAVING WRITTEN SEVERALL BOOKS
WHICH ARE NOW EXTANT
HE DYED THE 16th OF NOVBER. 1700 AGED 72
AND ACCORDING TO HIS DESIER LYES INTERR'D NEAR
THE BODYS OF HIS FATHER AND MOTHER
REQUISCAT IN PACE AMEN
303. North Wall of Tower, Brass Plaque in Wooden Frame
HERE LYETH THE BODIE OF PATRICKE SAVAGE SOMETYMES
COOK TO THE RIGHT WORLL. SR. WILLIAM SEDLEY, KNT.
AND BARONET DECEASED WHO HATH GIVEN TO THE POORE
OF THIS PISHE. LX POWNDES TO BE EMPLOYED AT THE DIS
CRETION OF THE MINISTER & CHURCH WARDENES OF THIS
PISHE. FOR THR TYME BEING FOR A POORE STOCK FOR THE
MOST COMFORTABLE RELEIFE OF THE POORE HERE & ALSO
HAS GIVEN TOWARDS THE REPARACONS OF THIS CHURCH X
POUNDS TOWARDS THE INLAYING OF THE COMMUNION
CUP OF THIS PISHE. XX SHILLINGES & TOWARDS A COMMUNION
CLATH HERE VI SHILLINGES & VIII PENCE HE WAS BORNE
IN IRELAND & DIED HERE IN AILESFORD THE SECOND
DAYE OF MAYE ANNO DOMINI 1625 ETATIS 57
Patrick Savage, Cook, died 1625. P.C.C.
Will dated 10th May 1624
£60 to the poor of Aylesford
£5 for a tombstone or "suchlike monument or memorial of
me by the name of Patrick Savage sometyme Cook to the late S. William
Sedly to bee layed and sett over my body and bee buryed neere Mr Houlden
in the church of Aylesford, aforesaid, and to bee engraved upon stone or
memoriall of my gift given to Aylesford parish".
£5 for cost of burial.
To each of the brethren of Sir William Sedly's hospital, 5s;
to the hospital £7.
To Margaret Kryer, "my ladie's late servant" and
Christian, Mrs Herdon's kinswoman, his household goods, or else the £4
between them if the goods not delivered.
Towards the "larginge and betteringe of the communion
cup in Aylesford", 20s; towards a communion cloth 6s 8d; for repair
of church, £10.
To Mr Smith of Aylesford to preach at his funeral 20s. To
Margaret, my country woman, widow in Maidstone, 40s.
To "loving friend" John May, Scrivener, of St.
Sepulchre, London, 40/-; to Thomas ------- son of George -------- Cook to
Mr Culpepper 40s; to "longe" Susan at Mr Culpepper's 20s, for a
To aforesaid Margaret Fryer £5; to Henry Austin son of
neighbour ------------ Austin £10; to Rowland Colyon, one of his Matie's
servants 40s; to Mr William Manly and his wife, of Aylesford, 20s each,
for a ring ; to Richard Roffe, servant to Sir John Sedly, £5; to
Elizabeth Shewsmith wife of Edward Soman, sometime servant to Mr William
Sedly, 20s; to "my fellow" Johnson Taylor late of Chancery Lane,
40s; to Lawrence Flaggin of Aylesford £3 and his clothes; to his friend
Savage of Boar's Head, Fleet Street, 40s.
To "ye woman that shall looke to mee and attend mee in
my sickness" 20s.
To executors £10 each; to poor of Aylesford rest of estate.
Mr Robert Mathewes, one of his Maj. Servants and William
Manly, servant to Rt. Hon. Sir John Sedly, executors.
Signs with mark
Witnesses: Benjamin Rowlins, Tallow Chandler and Richard
Hawes, servant to John May, Scrivener
Proved 24th May 1624
304. Brass Formerly by Chancel Step, From Thorpe's Registrum Roffenses,
1769 (Not Seen)
HERE LYETH JOHN SAVELL, GENTLEMAN
SUTYME SARVANT TO SIR THOMAS WIAT, KNIGHT
WHICH DECESSED THE XXIX DAY OF MARCHE
ANO. DNI. MDXLV
ON WHOSE SOULE JHU. HAVE MERCY
SAVILL see BANKS
SEDLEY see SAVAGE
305. West Tower Wall, Oval Tablet
ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF THIS CHURCH
ARE DEPOSITED IN A VAULT THE REMAINS OF
Mr. JOHN SPONG – WHO AFTER AN EXEMPLARY
AND WELL SPENT LIFE AT THE LITTLE HAMLET OF MILL HALL
IN THIS PARISH DIED JANUARY 21st 1815
AGED 64 YEARS
ALSO ROSAMOND HIS WIFE WHO DIED
ON THE SAME DAY OF THE SAME MONTH 1840
AGED 92 YEARS
"Orta Carole Rege"
SPONG see BOWLES
306. North Wall of Tower, Classical Tablet
TO THE MEMORY OF THE REV. WILLIAM TOLBUTT STAINES M.A.
FORMERLY FELLOW OF QUEEN'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE
AND FOR UPWARDS OF EIGHT YEARS
WAS VICAR OF THIS PARISH WHO DIED SEPT. 24th 1840
IN THE 55th YEAR OF HIS AGE
HIS CLEAR JUDGMENT, WELL STORED MIND
AND PIOUS AND DEVOTED SPIRIT
RENDERED HIM A BRIGHT EXAMPLE AS A CHRISTIAN MINISTER
AND HE HAS LEFT BEHIND HIM A NAME
WHICH WILL EVER BE CHERISHED
WITH AFFECTION AND RESPECT
NOT ONLY BY HIS RELATIVES AND FRIENDS
BUT BY ALL WHO KNEW HIM AND COULD APPRECIATE
THE REAL EXCELLENCE OF HIS CHARACTER
Rev. William Tolbutt Staines, P.C.C. Will dated
30th May 1840
Richard Halford of Canterbury, Rev. George Harker, Vicar of
St. Nicholas, Rochester and brother Richard Staines of Strafford, Essex,
To the first two executors £50 each.
To wife Jane household goods as she may choose and interest
of £2,400 part of £4,065 in Bank of England annuities.
Remaining £1, 665 and reversion of remaining £2,400 to
brother Richard, who is residuary legatee.
To niece Ann Eteson of Knareborough £120, 3% consolidated
annuities. Nothing in his will intended to alter marriage settlement.
Witnesses: Samuel Powell, Junior, of Knaresborough,
Solicitor, Watson King, his Clerk
Affidavit dated 31st October 1840
Samuel Powell sworn that deceased signed will in his presence and that of
Proved 2nd November 1840
307. Ledger, Now Hidden, (From Account by Rev. Staines, 1838)
IN MEMORY OF
ANN THE WIFE OF
EDWARD & JANE BALDOCK
WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE
NOV. 19th 1753
AGED 41 YEARS
LIKEWISE THE SAME
WHO DIED THE 2nd DAY OF MAY 1785
IN THE 71st YEAR OF HIS AGE
308. Ledger, As Above
HERE LIETH THE BODY OF
OF THIS PARISH, YEOMAN
WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE
MAY 7th 1733
AGED 49 YEARS
HERE ALSO LIETH THE BODY OF
ELIZABETH TAYLOR HIS WIFE
WHO DIED AUG. 5th 1741
AGED 57 YEARS
HE LEFT FIVE SONS
JOHN, AUGUSTINE, THOMAS,
ROBERT AND [ ? ]
John Taylor, died 1733, Yeoman.
Goods in his house and farm at Aylesford, and Castle Farm at
Allington. Includes, 3 Quarry Carts, 6 Quarry Horses, Quarry Tools; 1
Barge, 1 Lighter.
Total £1,152 17s 1d
Appraised by John Taylor, Augustine Taylor and George
Peckham, (Yeoman of Burham).
309. West Wall of Tower, Classical Tablet with Columns, Drapes, Skull and
LAPIDEM HUNC MARMOREAM POSUIT
THOMAS TILSON HUJUS ECCLESIAE
ANNOS TRIGINTA SEX VICARIUS
JOANNAE PIAM IN MEMORIAM
CONJUJIS SUAE MERITO DILECTAE
EX QUE SEPTEM LIBERAE GENUIT QUINQUS EORUM SUNT SUPOSTITES
THOMAS TRIUM FILIORUM UNICUE
SARAH, ELIZABETHA, MARIA, MARTHA
OBIIT CHARISIMA AUG. 28th 1680
OBIIT IPSE JULY 24th 1702
Rev. Thomas Tilson, died 1702 Rochester Will in
his own hand, dated 19th July 1698
To wife Elizabeth, annuity of £20 out of Forstal Farm, by
the tenant, allowing for taxes and repairs, according to marriage
Also all money in hands of her brothers Sir Henry Selby and
To son Thomas his study of books and rest of study, except
silver and gold; best silver tankard, silver salver, silver casters, 2 of
best spoons, best suit of Damask linen, for ever.
Also to son Thomas, all lands, on conditions he pays
£100 to son in law George Luce of St. Margaret, Westminster,
according to marriage covenant.
£150 to daughters Elizabeth, Mary and Martha. They also get
all ready money and plate, remaining; debts, bills, bonds, mortgages,
household stuff and personal estate, equally. They are joint executors.
Desires to be buried near "my dear wife Joane, their mother"
Witnesses: Mary Selby, Hannah Martin and Daniel Woodham
Inventory by George Luce and Daniel Woodham, total £113
310. Classical Wall Tablet , Next to Above
INFRA LAPIDEM MARMOREUM
IN HOC VESTBULAR JACET
THOMAS TILSON A.M.
OLIM AULAE CATHERINE APUD CANTABRIGIENSES
SOCIUS NECNON RECTOR DE DITTON
ET HUJUS ECCLESIAE VICARIUS
PER ANNOS 47 OBT. 12th FEB, 1749
TWO VICARS FATHER AND SON
FROM A.D. 1666 TO A.D. 1749 - 83 YEARS
REVD. THOS. TILSON DIED A.D. 1702 AGED 61 - 36 YEARS
REVD. THOS. TILSON DIED A.D. 1749 AGED 76 - 47 YEARS
Rev. Thomas Tilson, died 1749 (50) dated 16th
January 1749 (50)
Wishes to buried in porch under black marble stone "by
me laid there from north to south"
To Rev. Edward Cranch, Curate of East Farleigh, £100, in
trust,the interest for Cranch's wife, for life. After her death to God
daughter Sarah Cranch. To Mary Birch a daughter of Rev. Samuel Birch, late
of Wouldham £200. To Robert Pleydell of Aylesford, Surgeon, £200, in
trust, for his daughter Elizabeth.
To Right Honourable Earl of Aylesford, such pictures as he
may like, in the Outward Parlour of his house.
To former servant and good friend, Elioner Fowle, £20; to
Sarah Clark, widow of Aylesford, annuity of £5. To each servant with him
at his death 40s.
He has lent William Tanner, living at the Castle (an Inn?) at
Maidstone, £20 at the request of his sister in law the late Mary Apps,
now the wife of ----------- Steward, the debt to Mary Steward.
To poor of Ditton £100, the Minister and Churchwardens to
invest and buy wood and corn , distributed on All Saints Day and Feast of
Purification of Virgin Mary, every year, to "industrious poor"
as they think fit.
To Edward Cranch and Samuel Birch of Chatham, Surgeon, son of
Samuel, deceased, his property adjoining the Vicarage House of Aylesford.
They are executors, residue divided among them.
Witnesses; James Lake, William Stevens and Samuel Fullagar
Codicil dated 7th February 1749 (50)
Confirms £200 to Robert Pleydell because this was inserted before he
signed, wishes to avoid confusion or dispute.
Witnesses: John Barnett and Samuel Fullagar
Proved 14th February 1749 (50)
311. South Wall of Nave, Brass Plaque
IN LOVING MEMORY OF
LUCY BLANCHE VAUX
WIFE OF THE REV. GEORGE BOWYER VAUX
SOMETIME VICAR OF THIS PARISH
DIED MARCH 14th 1902 AGED 41
BURIED AT GAINSBOROUGH
THIS TABLET IS ERECTED BY MEMBERS
OF HER BIBLE CLASS MOTHERS' MEETING
AND OTHER FRIENDS AT AYLESFORD
312. South Side Chancel Arch, Marble Tablet
BORN 1843 – DIED 1924
CHURCHWARDEN 1895 – 1924
DURING A LONG LIFESPENT WHOLLY IN
THIS PARISH HE DEVOTED HIMSELF TO
PUBLIC SERVICE AND FILLED MANY
OFFICES WITH ABILITY AND HONOUR
MAY HE REST IN PEACE
THIS TABLET IS ERECTED BY MEMBERS
OF HIS FAMILY AND BY HIS
FELLOW PARISHIONERS IN TOKEN OF
313. South Wall of Tower, Classical Pedimented Tablet
HERE LIETH INTERRED THE BODY OF
LATE OF MILL HALL IN THIS PARISH
WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE 10th FEB. 1741
IN THE 64th YEAR OF HIS AGE
BY HIS FIRST WIFE MARY DAUGHTER OF
JOHN FOWLE OF CHART SUTTON HE HAD
ISSUE SIX SONS AND ONE DAUGHTER THREE OF WHICH
SURVIVE, VIZ. JOHN, DANIEL AND SAMUEL
HE AFTERWARDS MARRIED CATHERINE
DAUGHTER OF EDWARD GOODMAN AND
WIDOW OF JOHN LAKE OF THIS PARISH BY
WHOM HE HAD ONE SON WHO DIED AN
INFANT THE SAID CATHERINE
Thomas Ward, Hoyman of Mill Hall,died 1740 (41)
P.C.C. Will dated 5th January 1740 (41)
To wife Catherine £200
To nieces, 2 daughters* of William Downard (Downer), £50
each. If one or both died before 21, money to benefit of executor.
To sister Douglas, annuity of £10 from his freeholds and
To son Samuel annuity of £30 , as above. The annuities to be
paid at the Guildhall, Rochester, on usual feast days.
If they try to mortgage or sell the annuities the legacies
To Samuel, £15 for mourning; to his brother Richard, £10;
to sister Carroon £10. All property, land , warehouses, wharfs and
storehouses in Kent or elsewhere to sons John and Daniel, equally, for
Residue, ready money, goods, stock, leases, household stuff
and all personal estate to sons John and Daniel, they joint executors.
Witnesses: Margaret Fowle, Robert Pleydell and Francis Moyse
Proved 2nd March 1740 (41)
(* Daughter Elizabeth , later Elizabeth Skillett, see below)
314. Classical Tablet, Close to Above
Mr JOHN WARD
DIED AUGUST THE 10th 1772
AGED 67 years
Mr DANIEL WARD
DIED OCTOBER THE 4th 1785
IN THE 76th YEAR OF HIS AGE
Daniel Ward, Hoyman, died 1785. P.C.C. Will
dated 13th January 1785
To Susanna Douglass of Newcastle, widow of late cousin Robert
Douglass, annuity of £20, from properties given to cousin John Spong.
Annuity to be paid at Ward's house at Mill Hall. She not to sell or
mortgage annuity, if she does, it is void.
To Mary Phillips, widow, who lives with him, 6s per week for
life, conditions as above. Executor to pay rent for her accommodation ,
not exceeding £3 per annum, plus 2 chaldrons of coal and 50 fagots each
year for life, also bed and sheets and other furniture "whereon
Thomas Crouch now lies in my dwelling house"; executor to furnish
To children of late cousin Elizabeth Skillett, William,
Daniel Ward, John and Elizabeth*, £300 each .
To Frances wife of Edward Patrick, another of Elizabeth
Skillett's daughters, £200.
Forgives and releases cousin John Bert from debt of 6
guineas. To John and William Bent, £300 each. To Benjamin Morris of
Chatham and to his sister Frances, wife of Daniel Rowley, £300 each. To
Elizabeth wife of John Wilson of Aylesford, £300, if she dies in
testators lifetime, to her children, John, Mary, Sarah and Benjamin.
To the 6 children of Mary late wife of George Phillips, of
Chatham , George, Benjamin, Mary, Frances, Ann and Sarah, £300 shared
To cousin Robert Douglass £300. To 2 daughters of cousin
Richard Fowle, by his first wife, £50 each. To cousin Easter Ann Fowle,
£50 To William, Ambrose, Stephen and Daniel Spong, sons of his cousin
William Spong of St. Margaret's, Rochester,£300.
He forgives cousin Robert Douglass any debts owed him.
To cousin Mary wife of Robert Berrisford, £300
To Elizabeth Haven, Mary, Ann and Martha Spong, daughters of
cousin William, £250 each. To Thomas Crouch the Younger who lives with
him, £300. House and farm in Egerton occupied by Francis Fowle, to my
tenant, the said Francis Fowle**, for ever. He charges properties given to
cousin John Spong with above legacies in case there is insufficient in
personal estate to pay them.
All other property to cousin John Spong son of William Spong
of St. Margaret's who lives at Mill Hall and assists him in his business,
for ever. Residue to John Spong, who is sole executor.
Witnesses: Edward Startup, John Taylor and A. H. Diprose
Proved 19th October 1785
(* Cousins of the transcriber's 4x great grand mother, Sally Skillett,
(** Brother of the transcriber's 4x great grand mother, Abigail Fowle,
WIAT see SAVELL
WILLIAM III see RYCAUT
315. South Wall, Chancel, Brass Plaque
TO THE GLORY OF GOD AND IN MEMORY OF HUBERT WITHERBY SECOND
SON OF ARTHUR WITHERBY AND ISABELLA HIS WIFE WHO DIED IN FAITH
AT MELBOURNE A.D. 1875 IN THE NINETEENTH YEAR OF HIS AGE
AND THERE RESTS IN HOPE OF A JOYFUL RESURRECTION
316. South Wall, Chancel, Brass Plaque
"God is Love and he that dwelleth in
Love dwelleth in God and God in him"
TO THE GLORY OF GOD
IN LOVING MEMORY OF
CHARLES MALCOLM WOOD C.B.
LATE OF COBDOWN, DITTON
BORN NOV. 1st 1846
FEB. 19th 1915
END OF INTERIOR