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A Downland Parish - Ash by Wrotham in Former Times by W. Frank Proudfoot

                             Chapter 3 - The Manor of Scotgrove continued  page 30

which case 'Frankenhams' was probably a mistranscription of 'Faukenhams' a derivative from the name ‘de Faukeham’. If, however, that family were lords of the fee in the reign of Richard II, it must have devolved differently from the Fawkham manor. Such may well have happened. Hasted says that William de Faukeham‘s son and heir, Jeffry de Faukeham’ held Scotgrove by knight’s service ‘and enfeoffed Richard de Gatewyk in it’.16  Although no other evidence has been found of William having had a son, Jeffry or otherwise, and evidence has been found that, at any rate eventually, his estate was divided between his two daughters, Hasted must have encountered Jeffry in the context of Scotgove, whether or not he correctly identified him. If a member of the family who was not in fact the son and heir had been given, or had otherwise acquired, the fee, that might account for its still being held by the family in Richard II’s time.
   Of more consequence is the fact that the effective manor of Scotgrove, which we left rented to the. Colepepers, had come into that family’s ownership by the early years of Richard II’s reign, perhaps by acquisition of the reversion during William de Wauere’s 

lifetime or by purchase on his death. The change is apparent from a deed made on 25 January 1381 between Sir Thomas Colepeper, son of John Colepeper, and Idonea, wife of the same John, the object of which was to provide Idonea with an interest for life or until remarriage in various landed estate, in substitution for the dower to which she would otherwise have been entitled. Such provision was partly in lieu of Idonea’s dower of ‘gavelekynd’ lands in Kent, in return for which she was given a life interest in a number of properties that included a moiety of the manor of Knolle. It was also in lieu of her dower of the manor of Wygeselle and other lands in Sussex, for which Idonea received a life interest in the manor of Scotgrove (Skotegrove), together with the water mill at Greatness (Gretnarsche), a meadow called Gatewykesmede and some pasture in Seal (Zele). Idonea, for her part, was to render to Sir Thomas and his heirs 21s.1½d., power being reserved to distrain in the manor of Scotgrove, and she was also to pay the chief lords the services due and accustomed, including those of Scotgrove, Greatness Mill and Gatewykesmede.17

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